How to access files through VPN on Windows 10

Elena Constantinescu
by Elena Constantinescu
VPN Expert & Privacy Advocate
0 Comments
Download PDF
Affiliate Disclosure

  • To safely access files on another Windows 10 PC over the Internet, you can use VPN for free, without having to install any software.
  • For example, you can access your home files from work. But this means that you have to configure settings on both computers and your home router.
  • Our Windows 10 area has everything you need to know about Microsoft's operating system.
  • Join our VPN Troubleshooting Hub to solve any virtual private network issues.
how to access files through VPN on Windows 10

Accessing files through a VPN on Windows 10 is an excellent way to ensure the integrity and security of your data. For example, you can use this method to safely reach files on your work PC from a home computer. It’s also possible to set up a VPN on a jailbroken Firestick.

You can easily get hold of your files using a VPN connection on Windows 10 if you and the remote PC are in the same LAN by mapping network drives over VPN. But it’s also possible to do this through the web, outside of the local area network.

If your company’s network administrator has already established a VPN so that all employees can remotely connect from anywhere, you just need to get hold of the details and create a VPN connection in Windows 10.

However, you can also access your personal computer at home from work by tinkering with the system settings of both workstations. You don’t need to buy a premium VPN subscription to make this happen since you can use the Windows 10 built-in settings to set up a VPN between two computers.

Besides, you can also set up a VPN on Amazon Fire Cube to unblock streaming content and watch your favorite shows and movies on your smart TV.

What you need:

  • A host PC that accepts incoming connections from the client
  • A client PC that connects to the host to access files
  • Windows 10, 8 or 7
  • A router that supports port forwarding

How do I access files through VPN on Windows 10?

1

Create a VPN server on the host PC

allow incoming connections on Windows 10

  1. Right-click the Start button and select Network Connections.
  2. Click Change adapter options.
  3. Press Alt key, open the File menu, and click New Incoming Connection.
  4. Select the user accounts* that will be able to access this PC.
  5. Click Next, enable Through the Internet and click Next again.
  6. Leave the Network software configuration as default**.
  7. Click Allow access.

In the last wizard step, Windows asks you to write down the computer’s name, but it won’t be necessary for our guide. Once finished, your host PC will be ready to access incoming connections through VPN.

If required, you can edit the properties of Incoming Connections, such as managing user access or disabling file and printer sharing. To get rid of it, simply select Incoming Connections and press Delete key.

*It’s a good idea to create a new user account with a distinct username and a highly secure password. This way, you can minimize the vulnerabilities of exposing the host PC to the public Internet. The password should be long and made out of a random combination of lowercase and uppercase letters, numbers, and symbols.

**If your network supports IPv6 connections, you might be interested in enabling that option. But if you don’t plan to connect to the host PC with an IPv6 address, then switch it off.

2

Forward ports on your router

forward ports on your router

  1. On the host PC, press Ctrl + R, type cmd, and press Enter.
  2. In Command Prompt, type ipconfig and press Enter.
  3. Take note of your IPv4 address.
  4. Access your router admin page.
  5. Create a new rule to forward ports.
  6. Select the PPTP protocol.
  7. Set the IPv4 address you obtained from CMD as the internal IP address.
  8. Add 1723 to the internal and external port.

Now, the host PC will accept incoming VPN connections through the PPTP protocol. You should also make sure that your firewall isn’t blocking the port used for inbound connections through PPTP (port 1723 through TCP and IP protocol 47 GRE).


Can’t figure out how to open ports in Windows 10? Check out our complete step-by-step guide.


3

Create a VPN connection on the client PC

create a VPN conection on Windows 10

  1. On the host PC, ask Google what’s your public IP address and write it down.
  2. On the client PC, right-click Start and go to Network Connections.
  3. Click on VPN and then Add a VPN connection.
  4. Set VPN provider to Windows (built-in) and write a Connection name.
  5. At Server name or address, type the public IP address of the host PC.
  6. Set VPN type to Point to Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP).
  7. Set Type of sign-in info to User name and password.
  8. Write the User name and Password of the account you allowed when creating the VPN server on the host PC.
  9. Enable Remember my sign-in info and click Save.

You can also set up an IPsec VPN client on Windows 10.

4

Connect to the remote PC through VPN

Windows 10 is connected to VPN

  1. On the client PC, click the Network icon in the systray.
  2. Select the VPN connection and click Connect.
  3. You are now connected to the VPN.

If your PPTP VPN connection isn’t working on Windows 10, you can diagnose and troubleshoot the issue to get it up and running in no time.

5

Access files through VPN on the host PC

Access shared files on Windows 10 through VPN

  1. Open the Windows 10 File Explorer (Win key + E).
  2. In the address bar, type the local IP address of the host PC (you used it at the router setup stage) or the hostname, preceded by two backslashes. It should look like:\\192.168.0.162\\DESKTOP-EMOOT7A
  3. Alternatively, go to Network to browse for shared files.

Now, you should be able to access files through VPN on Windows 10, together with printers. However, if it doesn’t work, make sure that Network Discovery isn’t disabled on the host PC.

For quick file access, you can map network drives through a VPN. Besides accessing files through the VPN using a file browser, you can also use an FTP client if the host PC is configured to run an FTP server.

An alternative solution is to use remote control software to access files on a computer in a different network.

A note about routers and PPTP

Most routers support PPTP connections, which is also the protocol used in our example above. However, many security experts consider PPTP to be obsolete due to the low safety level it provides. It can be easily hacked.

A safer solution is to get a VPN router that supports VPN client connections. If the router has customizable firmware, then you can remove the stock firmware to replace it with DD-WRT, Tomato or OpenWRT.

We’re talking about the best router firmware for Windows 10, which is open-source and allows OpenVPN configurations. Using OpenVPN to remotely connect to another PC and gain file access is significantly more secure than using PPTP or L2TP.

Using OpenVPN in manual configuration way is also the only way to set up a VPN for Amazon Echo and Alexa.

A fast way to remotely access a Windows PC through VPN

To summarize, it’s possible to access files through VPN on Windows 10 without having to install additional software. But this means that you have to tinker with three devices: two computers and a router.

A bit of know-how is required, too, unless you’re willing to risk compromising the security of your home network when trying to gain entry to your personal computer from work. It’s not as easy as using a VPN to watch Prime Video, for example.

However, if you want to access your work PC from home through a VPN, you probably need to only create a VPN connection using the configuration details provided by your company’s network administrator.

FAQ: Learn more about VPN and remote connections

  • How can I access my work computer through VPN?

You can set up a VPN connection between two PCs to access your office computer from home.

  • How can I remotely access my work computer?

You can remotely access your work computer using a VPN or remote control software.

  • Is VPN safer than Remote Desktop?

Yes, VPN is significantly safer than Remote Desktop Connection because it uses more secure protocols and superior encryption. Furthermore, VPNs have fewer vulnerabilities than Remote Desktop.