Panning (audio)

Panning is the spread of a sound signal into a new stereo or multi-channel sound field. A typical physical recording console pan control is a knob with a pointer which can be placed from the 8 o’clock dial position fully left to the 4 o’clock position fully right. Audio mixing software replaces the knob with an on-screen “virtual knob” or slider for each audio source track which functions identically to its counterpart on a physical mix console.