Many Windows 10 users revealed that Samsung NVME SSDs are subject to WHEA errors on Ryzen 3000 / X570 chipset.
Users described this problem as follows:
I’ve found out about these WHEA warnings in the event log by chance while browsing this subreddit. […] I checked my event log and there were 87(!) WHEA event 17 log entries. Afterwards I commenced a system file integrity check using the “sfc /scannow” in an elevated command prompt and it spewed out a list of more than 3000 corrupted system files and registry entries
Basically, users never got notified whenever their Samsung NVME SSDs encountered errors and corruptions. More so, they could only find that out if they manually checked for errors, or when their systems crashed altogether.
Initially, it was thought that the cause of the problem was related to driver issues:
The root cause of this strange ordeal seem to be current drivers for devices that stress the motherboards PCI-E interface (like graphics cards and nvme ssds). These drivers seem to not have taken some obscure difference in operating mode (or perhaps simply a bug) for when these, normally PCI-E 3.0 devices are plugged into a PCI-E 4.0 capable motherboard.
Further investigations eventually revealed that wasn’t the case at all. The problem is nothing more but an interference caused by Windows 10 May 2019 Update issues.
As far as users are concerned, some stated that one solution might be to run DISM:
Can confirm that I have this after a Windows update to defender. DISM and sfc fixed it. The WHEA errors are unrelated to it though.