Almost every hardware device has a software that is embedded in the device itself. This software controls how your device behaves and it allows you to configure it.
New versions of firmware often bring new features and security fixes, so it’s important to keep your firmware up to date. We already explained how to update BIOS in one of our older articles, and today we’ll show you how to update router firmware.
How can I update my router’s firmware on Windows 10? The quickest way is to update it automatically. Some of the newer routers have the Automatically update firmware option. If that’s not the case, download the latest firmware from your router manufacturer official site, unzip it, and then proceed with the update from the router settings.
To find out how to do that, check the guide below.
Steps to update a router’s firmware by manufacturer
- Access and update a router in general
- Update the firmware of a Netgear router
- Update the firmware of a Linksys router
- Update the firmware of a D-Link router
- Update the firmware of a TP-Link router
Access and update a router in general
Before you can update your router firmware, you need to access your router. To do that, you need to enter a specific address in your browser.
Most routers will have this address along with the login details available in the instruction manual, so we strongly suggest that you check it out. You can also find this address manually by following these steps:
- Press Windows Key + X to open Win + X menu. Select Network Connections from the menu.
- Network & Internet window will now appear. Under your connection, click on Change connection proprieties.
- Then scroll all the way down and you will see a Proprieties section.
- Locate IPv4 DNS server and memorise the IP address.
After obtaining the router’s IP address, you can use it to log in to your router and update its firmware. To update your router firmware, do the following:
- Connect to your router using the Ethernet cable. This step isn’t mandatory, but it’s highly recommend to establish a stable connection with your router in order to avoid causing any damage during the update process.
- Open your web browser.
- In the address bar enter the IP address of your router.
- Now you’ll be asked to enter a username and password. You can find the login information in your router’s manual. You can also find the login information for your router online from third-party sources.
- One you log in, you need to locate Firmware or Router Upgrade option. Usually you can find this option in Administration, Utilities or Maintenance section. Keep in mind that the location of this option can vary depending on router model.
- Once you locate this section, you should see the current version of your firmware as well as its release date.
- Now you need to visit your router manufacturer’s website and navigate to the Support section. Locate your router model and check if any firmware updates are available. If so, be sure to download them. Some routers have a built-in option that will take you directly to the manufacturer’s website and allow you to download firmware updates for your router.
- After you download a router update, extract it to your Desktop or any other folder on your PC.
- In the Update section of your router there should be a Browse or Choose File button available. Click the button and locate the router update file on your PC. Select the file by double clicking it.
- After choosing the update file, start the upgrade process.
- Wait for the process to finish. Keep in mind that the update process can take a few minutes, so be sure to wait patiently and not interrupt the process. Interrupting the upgrade process can cause irreversible damage to your router, so use extra caution.
- After the update process is complete, your router will restart and you’ll have a new firmware installed.
We have to mention that firmware update process can sometimes fail, and if that happens, you need to reset your router. To do that, log in to your router and locate the Factory Defaults section. Click the Restore button and wait while your router resets.
If you can’t access your router, you can also reset it by holding the Reset button on the router. This button is usually located on the back, and you just need to press and hold it for ten or more seconds to reset the router.
After your router resets, you’ll need to configure your settings and wireless networks again.
We have to mention that some routers can perform firmware updates automatically, so you don’t have to download any updates or install them manually.
- READ ALSO: Fix: Windows 10 Can’t Connect To Router
If you own a Netgear router, you can update your firmware by following these steps:
- Open your web browser and navigate to https://www.routerlogin.net.
- Enter admin as username and password as password.
- Once you access your router settings, go to ADVANCED > Administration.
- Choose Firmware Update or Router Update button.
- Click the Check button. Router will now check for available updates. If updates are available, you’ll be asked to download them.
- Click the Yes button to download and install the updates. Make sure that you don’t interrupt the upgrade process in any way. Don’t close your browser, open any pages or perform any Internet-related activity. The update process can take about 5 minutes, so be patient.
- After the update process is completed, your router will restart.
As you can see, updating firmware on Netgear router is quite simple since you can download and install it automatically.
If you can’t download the update automatically, you can install it manually by following these steps:
- Visit NETGEAR Download Center, enter your router’s model and download the latest firmware for your router.
- Now log in to your router by following the steps 1-4 from above.
- Once you log in, click the Choose File or Browse button.
- Locate the update file and select it.
- Update process will now start, so be sure not to interrupt it.
Netgear routers also support firmware upgrade using the NETGEAR desktop genie software. To update your router’s firmware using this software, follow these steps:
- Start NETGEAR desktop genie software and click Router Settings.
- When the login screen appears, enter admin as username and password as password.
- Now click the right arrow in the upper right corner and choose the Router Update tab.
- Click Router Update > Next. The application will now check for available firmware updates.
- If a new version of firmware is available, you’ll get the confirmation message. Click OK to download and install the new firmware.
- Wait patiently for the update process to finish and don’t interrupt it.
Updating the firmware on Linksys router is quite simple. In order to perform the update safely, we advise you to connect your PC to your router using Ethernet cable. To update the router firmware, follow these steps:
- Visit Linksys Support Site. Enter the model of your router and check if there’s a firmware update available. If so, download the update file.
- Open your web browser and enter 192.168.1.1 in the address bar. Press Enter.
- When the login screen appears, enter admin as username and leave the password field blank.
- Once you log in, click on Administration > Firmware Upgrade.
- Now click the Browse button.
- Select the downloaded update file and double click it.
- Click Start Upgrade button.
- Now the progress bar will appear. Wait for the process to complete and don’t interrupt it. To make sure that upgrade process is successful, don’t open any new pages or perform any Internet-related activity.
Updating firmware on D-Link router is rather simple, and you can update it by following these steps:
- Download the latest firmware update for your router from D-Link’s support page.
- After downloading the file, unzip it and save it on a location that you can easily access.
- Open your web browser and enter 192.168.1.1 in the address bar.
- When the login screen appears, enter admin as username and password.
- Once you log in, go to the Tools tab and select Update Gateway option.
- Click the Browse button and look for the update file from Step 2.
- Once you locate the file, double click it.
- Now click the Update Gateway button.
- Wait patiently for the update to complete. Don’t interrupt the update and don’t close or open any tabs.
- After the update process is finished, the router will restart itself. In some cases, you need to reset your router before you can use it. To do that, press and hold the Reset button on the back of your router for 10 seconds. Keep in mind that you’ll need to configure your settings again after performing the reset.
Before you update the firmware of your TP-Link router, you need to check its model and hardware version. To do that, simply check the label on the back of your device and you’ll see the model of your router as well as the hardware version.
In addition, we also advise you to connect your PC to your router using the Ethernet cable in order to ensure that your connection is stable. To update the router firmware, do the following:
- Visit TP-Link’s website and look for your model in Support section. Be sure to select the correct hardware version and model. If you download and install firmware for a wrong model you’ll cause damage to your router, therefore be extra cautious. Once you find your router model, download the latest firmware for it.
- The firmware will come in zip file. Extract the firmware file to a safe location.
- Open your web browser and access 192.168.1.1, 192.168.0.1 or http://tplinkwifi.net. Keep in mind that this address can vary depending on your router model. To see the correct address you can always check the label on the bottom side of your router.
- When login window appears, enter admin as username and password.
- After you log in, click Advanced and then on the left side-list System Tools > Firmware Upgrade.
- Click Browse or Choose File button and locate the firmware update file. Select the file by double clicking it.
- Now click the Upgrade button to start the update process.
- Wait for the process to complete, and be sure not to interrupt it in any way. Interrupting the update will cause permanent damage to your router, so be careful.
- After the update is finished, your router might be restored to factory settings, so you’ll have to reconfigure it again.
As you can see, updating a router’s firmware is relatively simple and newer routers can automatically download and install the firmware updates.
We have to mention that upgrading firmware brings new features and improvements, but it can also permanently damage your router if you’re not careful.
Although firmware update can sometimes fix network related issues, we advise you to perform a firmware update as a last resort.
If you have any more questions on how to update a router’s firmware on Windows 10, don’t hesitate to drop them in the comments section below.
Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in February 2017 and has been since completely revamped and updated for freshness, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.