Cyber-attack is an attempt to expose, change, gain unauthorized access or disable a computer or a computer network.
Cyber-attack: All your questions answered
How do cyber-attacks work?
The first step of a cyber-attack is surveying, and during this process, the attacker will search for any vulnerabilities in your system. The second stage is the delivery, and during this process, the hacker will try to deliver malicious software to your PC. This can include malicious emails, applications or fake websites.
The next stage is the breach stage, and during this stage, the hacker will try to make changes to your system, alter its functionality, or try to gain full access. The affect stage is the last one, and during this stage, the attacker will try to retrieve sensitive information or make changes to your system.
Frequently asked cyber-attack questions
What are the types of cyber-attacks?
There are multiple types of cyber-attacks, but these are the most common ones:
- Malware – This type of attack involves installing a malicious application on a user’s computer.
- Phishing – With these types of attacks, hackers usually create fake emails or websites in order to steal the user’s login credentials.
- Man-in-the-middle – With these types of attacks, the hacker will interrupt the traffic between a user and a third party and steal the user’s data as he sends it.
- Denial-of-service – Denial-of-service attack is characterized by flooding the server or network with traffic in order to stop it from fulfilling legitimate requests.
- SQL injection – This type of attack involves inserting malicious code into a server that uses SQL. If the attack is successful, the server will reveal information from the database that is hidden from the users.
- Zero-day exploit – These attacks involve exploiting a security vulnerability that is announced but still not patched.
How to protect the computer from cyber-attacks?
In order to protect your PC from cyber-attacks, it’s crucial to have the latest system updates installed. In addition, be sure to use a reliable antivirus and keep it up to date at all times.
We wrote extensively about malware protection, so if you want to protect your PC from cyber-attacks, be sure to check our guides on malware protection.