- BSoDs happen when the operating system has no solution, it has tried everything it could and simply cannot handle the error. We can fix this though if you follow the step by step guide below.
- BSoD errors are pretty scary. That's why we have a whole category about troubleshooting BSoD errors.
- If you encounter any system errors, you will most likely find a solution in our System Errors hub.
- We have written a lot more articles about Windows 10 errors so please go to our Windows 10 errors hub for more.
Windows 10 brings a lot of tweaks and fixes to Windows 8 that frankly should have been part of Windows 8 from the beginning.
Unfortunately, these tweaks and fixes come at the cost of upgrading – a process known for the various problems it causes.
One of such troubles is the NTFS_File_System blue screen error. BSoD’s happen when the operating system has nowhere else to go – it has tried everything it could and simply cannot handle the error.
A BSOD is an unhandled exception, and sometimes figuring out what is exactly causing this error can get quite a bit tricky.
Here, we are going to attempt to fix this error in the hope of recovering the operating system.
- Check your disk for errors
- Clean boot your computer
- Use the Media Creation Tool
- Format your driver & reinstall Windows
How do I fix The NTFS_File_System Error on Windows 10?
1. Check your disk for errors
If the disk where you installed Windows 10 is corrupted, you may get various error codes when booting up your computer.
You can quickly check your disk for errors with the help of a specific command that you can run in Command Prompt.
- Go to Start > type cmd > launch Command Prompt
- Enter the chkdsk C: /f command and hit Enter. Replace C with the letter of your hard drive partition where you installed the OS.
- To fix the errors and repair physical issues, you need to run a second command. Enter the chkdsk C: /r as well.
2. Clean boot your computer
Software compatibility issues may also trigger the NTFS_File_System error. You can fix this problem by performing a clean boot and start Windows with minimal set of drivers.
- Go to Start > type msconfig > hit Enter to launch System Configuration
- Go to the General tab > select Selective startup > uncheck Load startup items
- Go to the Services tab > check Hide all Microsoft services > click Disable all
- Click Apply > click OK > Restart your computer.
3. Run SFC scan
If certain system files are missing or are corrupted, you can use the System File Checker tool to fix the problem. All you need to do is this:
- Go to Start > type cmd and launch Command Prompt as administrator.
- In the new Command Promp window, enter the sfc /scannow command
- Wait until the scanning process completes and then restart your computer
3. Use the Media Creation Tool
- You need to download the Media Creation Tool from Microsoft, to do so follow this link.
- Once you have the Media Creation Tool, open it and select the “create installation media for another PC”.
- Then select the appropriate architecture, language and edition for the PC you need to fix and start the download, if you don’t know what you need to pick contact someone who can help. Perhaps your computer manufacturer, because these settings depend on the type of computer you have.
- Once you have selected the correct version etc, select ISO file or USB flash drive depending on whether you want to make a bootable DVD or a bootable USB stick, then click Next and wait for it to finish downloading and creating the bootable media.
- Once you have the bootable DVD or USB, restart your PC and boot with it – note that in some cases you might need to goto your BIOS and change your boot priority settings.
- Once you are in the Windows setup, click Next and click on “Troubleshoot”, then click “Advanced Options”.
- In Advanced Options, click Startup Repair and simply follow the onscreen instructions from there. It might restart your PC if it needs to do so in order to repair your Windows installation.
Doing this should fix most of your issues with Windows – it will repair any corrupted files and fix most of the errors caused by any misconfiguration.
If for some reason it does not help, you could using similar steps also try a System Image Recovery using the new Windows installation files present in your bootable drive.
Although that will most likely not help if Startup Repair failed.
4. Format your driver & reinstall Windows
You also always have the option to simply format your drive and reinstall Windows.
Windows 10 saves the license information in the cloud and your key is linked to your PC, thus reinstalling Windows should still give you your free copy of Windows 10.
Since we already downloaded the correct installation files for Windows using the Media Creation Tool, you already have most of the work done for you.
But do remember to backup your data before wiping off your previous Windows installation, as reinstalling Windows will delete all of your data and settings, unlike an upgrade.
For more information on how to reinstall Windows, check out the articles listed below:
- The Refresh Windows tool reinstalls Windows without ISO
- Can’t install Windows 10 on your computer? Fix it with these solutions
- How to download and install Windows 10 Fall Creators Update
We hope that the solutions listed in this article helped you fix the NTFS_File_System error for good.
If you’ve got additional tips and suggestions on how to fix this error, you can list the troubleshooting steps in the comments below.
FAQ: Read more about NTFS file system error
- What is NTFS File System error?
- Will chkdsk fix corrupt files?
- How can I fix NTFS_File_System Error?
- Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in March 2018 and has been since revamped and updated in March 2020 for freshness, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.