- One of the greatest features of the Windows OS is its ability to multitask.
- Unfortunately, an OS' multitasking abilities can be the subject of errors.
- This issue concerns the Task Manager, of which we've written plenty in its dedicated Hub.
- If you want even more troubleshooting guides, come visit our Errors page.
Does your Windows 10 Task Manager list loads of background processes? If so, you might need to reduce background processes to free up system resources for desktop software.
As background processes hog RAM, cutting them back will probably speed up your laptop or desktop at least a little.
Background processes are typically Microsoft and third-party software services listed on the Services window. Thus, reducing background processes is more a matter of terminating software services.
However, they can also be startup programs and system monitors. As such, there are a few ways that you can fix too many background processes in Windows 10.
How can I reduce background processes in Windows 10?
- Strip Down the Windows 10 Startup
- Terminate the Background Processes With Task Manager
- Remove Third-Party Software Services From the Windows Startup
- Turn Off System Monitors
1. Strip down the Windows 10 Startup
- Press the Windows key + X and select Task Manager to open the Processes tab.
- Select the Start-up tab shown directly below.
- Now you can select a system tray program and press its Disable button to remove it from the Windows startup.
Those are programs you usually open via system tray icon context menus. Thus, removing system tray software from the Windows startup is one way to reduce background processes.
If you want to know how to add or remove startup apps on Windows 10, check out this simple guide.
2. Terminate background processes with Task Manager
Task Manager lists background and Windows processes on its Processes tab. As such, you can quickly terminate background processes there by selecting them and clicking End task. That will temporarily stop background services at least.
Note the RAM and CPU percentage figures that highlight the system resource usage for the processes. Stop the third-party software processes that waste the most resources.
However, stick to terminating third-party background services only. Do not tamper with Windows processes that are more essential to the OS.
If you want to know how to stop all the processes in Window 10, read this article and learn how to do it yourself in no time.
3. Remove third-party software services from the Windows Startup
- Open the Processes Tab in Task Manager.
- Expand a service you need to disable by clicking its arrow.
- Right-click the service and select Open Services.
- Then double-click the service you need to disable on the Services window to open its properties window.
- Select Disabled from the Startup type drop-down menu.
- Select the Apply option, and click OK to close the window.
Many of the third-party software services listed under background services might be a part of the Windows startup. As such, the End task button will only temporarily stop those services until you restart Windows.
So you’ll need to disable some of the services listed under background processes to ensure they don’t they start again during the system startup.
That will remove the selected service from the Windows startup. Before you disable a service, take note of the description on the Services window that provides further details for it. Then turn it off if you really don’t need it.
- The System Configuration utility provides a quick way to disable all non-Microsoft services in Windows, which will certainly reduce the background processes listed in Task Manager.
- To open System Configuration, press the Windows key + R hotkey.
- Enter ‘msconfig’ in Run and click OK.
- Select the Services tab shown below.
- Click the Hide all Microsoft services check box.
- Press the Disable all button.
- Press the Apply button.
- Click the OK button to close the window.
- Then press the Restart button on the dialog box that opens.
Also note that the General tab includes a Load startup items option, which gives you a quick way to remove all the third-party programs from the startup. Click the Selective startup option, and then deselect the Load startup items check box.
4. Turn off system monitors
Those system monitors run independently of the primary software as a background process, and they usually provide numerous system tray notifications.
For example, CCleaner’s system monitor notifiers inform users that the utility can free up 500 megabytes of HDD storage. Even though system monitors start during the Windows startup, you can’t always disable them with Task Manager.
Thus, the only way to ensure that some system monitors don’t start with Windows is to configure the options for them included within their utility software.
So if you see a system monitor listed in Task Manager‘s background processes, have a look for an option in the software’s settings that will disable it.
So, you can fix an excess of background processes primarily by removing third-party programs and their services from the Windows startup with the Task Manager and System Configuration utilities.
That will free up more system resources for desktop software on your taskbar and speed up Windows. You can check out this article for further tips that will free up system resources in Windows 10.
FAQ: Learn more about the processes running in Windows 10
- How can I run more apps simultaneously on Windows 10?
The best way to allow many apps to run simultaneously without any issues is to have high amounts of RAM and a powerful CPU that can handle the constant extra load.
- What happens when too many apps are open at the same time?
In short, your PC will slow down severely, since all the available memory and processing power needs to be divided between the processes. You can use dedicated software to monitor CPU activity and better manage your background processes.
- Do background processes count as active processes?
Yes. Every single operation, big or small, currently running on your PC will take up a certain percentage of the available memory.
If you have any other questions or suggestions, feel free to leave them in the comments section below.
Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in June 2018 and has been since revamped and updated in March 2020 for freshness, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.