FIX: Failed to create D3D, D3D9 device error [Steam Games]

John Nedelcu
by John Nedelcu
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  • When launching specific games, like Left 4 Dead 2, CS:GO, Borderlands or Rocket League, some players have reported the Failed to create D3D or D3D9 device error.
  • If you are one of the unlucky gamers coming upon this error, you should update your system's graphics and OS and set a launch resolution for the affected games.
  • For more guides on how to fix errors in games, you should check out our in-depth Game Troubleshooting page.
  • Game reviews, guides and fixes can be found on our Gaming Section. We cover most games and game launchers so you will find solutions for most errors there.
fix d3d error steam

Launch errors are an all too familiar occurrence for gamers as if the game senses our desire to play and refuses to give us that which we seek. So is the case with the Failed to create D3D device or the less common, but equally annoying Failed to create D3D9 device error.

Both of these errors are being reported by players launching games through Steam, and it seems to be isolated to only a few titles:

  • Left 4 Dead 2
  • CS:GO
  • Borderlands 1 & 2
  • Portal
  • Rocket League

Luckily, the route you’ll need to take is the same to fix both D3D and D3D9 errors, as they have a common cause. The main cause is graphics-related, specifically the graphics card driver.

We will go through the normal troubleshooting steps to take when you see these errors.

How do I fix Failed to create D3D or D3D9 device error?

1. Reboot your PC

  • Go to Start > Power > Restart

Have you tried turning it off and on again? There is a reason why IT guys say this all the time. With most errors, the first thing you should do it to reboot your device.

This will clear the memory and will give your system the chance to reload all the files needed for operation.

The process of rebooting wipes away the current state of the software, which in many cases is all that is needed for errors to disappear.


2. Verify the integrity of game files

verify game integrity steam

  1. Right-click on the problematic game
  2. Go to Properties
  3. Click on the Local Files tab
  4. Click on Verify Integrity of Game Files

Valve has kindly baked into Steam the option to check if your game files have become corrupted in any way, or if something is missing from the game installation directory.

This can help if your antivirus or antimalware software have decided to block or quarantine a file.

If the Failed to create D3D device or D3D9 device errors have been caused by an error of the graphics driver, giving the system a fresh start might solve the issue.


Steam not responding on your PC? Try these simple solutions


3. Update Windows to the latest version

windows update screen

  1. Open Settings (keyboard shortcut Win + i)
  2. Go to Update & Security
  3. Click on Check for updates

Keeping your Windows operating system up to date is important because you benefit from the latest bug fixes and security updates.

Sometimes, these updates include compatibility patches which can fix mishaps like the Failed to create D3D device or failed to create D3D9 device errors.


4. Update your graphics drivers

update nvidia graphics driver

For nVidia graphics cards:

  1. Open GeForce Experience
  2. Go to the Drivers tab
  3. Click on Check for updates
  4. Once the new driver is found, click on Express installation or Custom Installation
  5. Reboot your PC

For AMD Graphics cards:

  1. Right-click on your desktop
  2. Select AMD Radeon Software
  3. Under Driver & Software, click on Check for Updates
  4. Install the new driver and reboot

One of the best ways to fix the failed to create D3D or D3D9 device error is to update your graphics driver.

These errors are caused by a problem with the graphics card or its driver, so most of the time a driver update will be the solution.

To go one step beyond, we strongly recommend performing a clean install of the graphics driver or using a utility like DDU to completely remove the graphics driver before you install the new one.

Note: If you use DDU to uninstall your graphics driver, you will have to go to the graphics card’ manufacturer website and manually download either the driver or the graphics software (GeForce Experience or AMD Adrenalin).


Don’t know how to use DDU? No problem, we have a guide to show you.


5. Set game launch optionsmanually set resolution steam to fix failed to create d3d device

  • Open Steam
  • Right-click on the game
  • Select Properties
  • On the General Tab, select Set Launch Options
  • Type -w 1920 -h 1080
  • Click OK > Close
  • Launch the game

Note: instead of 1920 and 1080, use your monitor’s native resolution.

This will force the game to launch with the specified resolution. As some of these games are a bit older, they don’t always cooperate with newer hardware and higher resolutions.

This can cause a problem when the game tries to launch with a low resolution, so you will need to force the desired resolution.


6. Run the game in compatibility mode

  1. Navigate to your game installation folder (right-click on the game in Steam > Manage > Browse local Files)
  2. Right-click on the executable 
  3. Select Properties
  4. Click on the Compatibility tab
  5. Either run the Compatibility Troubleshooter or tick the box and manually select an older version of Windows to run the game

Once you have enabled compatibility mode, you will be able to launch the game and this should clear the Failed to create D3D or D3D9 device error.


7. Enable services to fix Failed to create D3D device error

enable graphics services with msconfig

Open the Run Window (keyboard shortcut Win + R)

  1. Type msconfig
  2. Go to the Services tab
  3. Make sure that all nVidia or AMD services are enabled
    • Note: If you are unsure which services these are, click on Enable All
  4. Reboot your PC

In the pursuit for more performance, some users disable certain services which they deem unimportant, but we cannot stress this enough: you should never disable these if you not 100% of the changes you are making, as this could lead to game crashes or even worse, system instability.

These fixes will help you fix both Failed to create D3D device and Failed to create D3D9 device errors when launching games on Steam.

If you encounter any other issues with Steam games, let us know in the comments section below.


FAQ: Issues with D3D or D3D9 device

  • What is D3D device error?

D3D (Direct 3D) is a component of the DirectX API which your system uses to render graphics. If you are encountering problems with D3D, this guide will show you how to fix the issues. For more information on Direct3D, check our in-depth article.

  • What does D3D error mean?

When you get a D3D error, it means that you have a problem with your graphics adapter, to learn how to fix it, follow the steps listed above.

  • How do I fix D3D error CSGO?

Update your graphics driver to the latest version, then proceed with the instructions from this guide.