Windows 11 and TPM: Everything you need to know

Claudiu Andone
by Claudiu Andone
Windows & Software Expert
Oldtimer in the tech and science press, Claudiu is focused on whatever comes new from Microsoft. His abrupt interest in computers started when he saw the first Home Computer as a kid. However, his... Read more
Affiliate Disclosure
  • Windows 11 requires TPM 2.0 to install but that's simple to overcome as shown in our guide.
  • The Trusted Platform Module is a chip that ensures boot-up protection for your computer.
  • You can easily check if you already got technology available on your device and turn it on.
  • If you don't have the physical device, you are able to bypass the requirement in no time.
All you need to know about Windows 11 and TPM
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Since the Windows 11 leak and installation tests, TPM (Trusted Platform Module) stole a bit from the center stage and became the no.1 enemy for early adopters.

It all started when more and more users reported that they couldn’t install Windows 11 because they received a TPM 2.0 error.

It all became too obvious that the TPM 2.0 chip is a mandatory requirement for Windows 11. However, Microsoft announced that some systems will be able to run the OS without it.

What is TPM and how is it related to Windows 11?

What is TPM 2.0?

The Trusted Platform Module is a little chip that can be embedded in a CPU or can be separated, and it’s not only dedicated to computers.

It is installed in a lot of security devices like the alarm system from your house for instance. If you don’t get the code right to your system, this chip will trigger the alarm.

Of course, there are simpler and more complex ones and, in a computer, this chip is there to supply a cryptographic key which is a code.

If everything is OK, the encryption for the drive is unlocked and the PC starts normally like it normally does.

If your device was stolen and the wrongdoer is trying to steal the data from your encrypted drive, the key won’t work and the PC won’t boot.

TPM types and uses

Now, a lot of apps use this TPM module for different purposes. For instance, e-mail clients use it for encrypted or key-signed messages.

Some browsers use it to maintain SSL certificates for websites but basically, at the start-up level, they are used for boot-up protection.

However, there are two additional types of TPMs. As we said before, TPMs can come as a physical component in the CPU, but they can also be just a code that runs in firmware.

This encoding method is almost as good as a discrete chip because it’s isolated in a contained environment from the rest of the programs.

There is another, virtual type of TPM that is not recommended for use because it is vulnerable to any modifications, therefore, inefficient as a security system.

What do I need to do to check if my computer has TPM 2.0?

  1. Type tpm.msc in Windows search and click on the app from the results.
  2. Now, look at the specification version from the bottom right corner of the screen. If it says 2.0, you’re fine.

Yes, Windows 11 needs TPM 2.0 to install on your PC but before jumping to any conclusions or make any purchases, do a Windows 11 TPM check by performing the steps above.

However, there are many issues why your PC might not be able to run Windows 11. If you want to make sure that you can, run the PC Health Check app.

We have an excellent article on how to download PC Health Check, install and use the app so go ahead and try that.

Turn on TPM 2.0

  1. Type tpm.msc in Windows search and click on the app from the results, just like we did in the solution above.
  2. Click on the Action tab and select Turn on TPM.

For some reason, even if you do have TPM, it can be turned OFF. On some computers, you can’t even do that but if you can, you can check that by using the very simple steps above and turn it ON.

If your TPM is malfunctioning for some reason, you can also check out our expert guide to fix that problem quickly.

What do I do if I don’t have TPM 2.0?

You can install Windows 11 without TPM 2.0

TPM 2.0 was introduced in 2014 but that doesn’t mean that if your computer was made in 2016 you already have it. However, there’s a slim chance you don’t.

But if you don’t, don’t worry because we have a great article that will help you with a Windows 11 TPM 2.0 bypass, even if you don’t have the chip.

This Windows 11 TPM workaround is, however, a temporary solution and we don’t know if Microsoft will decide to do something against it or not.

Buy a TPM chip

Of course, the workaround provided above might not function for a long time so you need to plan ahead.

And in this instance, planning ahead is either buying a device that is TPM ready, or buy a TPM module for your computer.

Luckily, we also gave a nice guide about TPM chips, where to buy them from, and even a price comparison so you will know exactly what to do.

If you want to go to the next level, you should know that there are also a lot of motherboards that come with an embedded TPM chip.

To make sure that you will get it right, check our list including the best gaming motherboards that you can purchase right now. Then, let us know your choice in the comments area below.

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