Full Guide: FILE SYSTEM error in Windows 10

Milan Stanojevic
by Milan Stanojevic
Deputy Editor
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  • FILE SYSTEM error (-2147219196) is often caused by faulty hardware or incompatible driver software.
  • If your Windows 10 crashes with the FILE SYSTEM error (-2147219196), make sure to update the drivers.
  • Using a third-party tool that addresses BSoD errors, is one of the best and safest solutions you can try.
  • If nothing works and the FILE SYSTEM error keeps appearing in Windows 10, check your hardware.
How to fix FILE SYSTEM error Windows 10
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Blue Screen of Death errors are probably one of the most dreaded errors on Windows, and rightfully so.

These errors are often caused by faulty hardware or incompatible software, and in some cases, these errors can prevent Windows 10 from starting. 

You can encounter the FILE SYSTEM error (-2147219196) while opening a picture in Windows Photo App or using any system app. This particular error might be caused by a Windows Update.

As you can see, BSoD errors can be rather serious, but you can fix the FILE SYSTEM error (-2147219196) and any other FILE SYSTEM errors by following one of our solutions.


How can I fix FILE SYSTEM error in Windows 10?

1. Use Restoro

Blue Screen of Death, or BSOD (as it is commonly known), is a stop or exception screen error that appears whenever your Windows PC is affected by a fatal system error. The colored screen (blue, red, black, pink) that is associated with this problem has become a synonym for issues on Windows, and entails a system crash or a state in which your operating system can no longer run safely. BSoD errors can appear because of a variety of causes including malfunctioning hardware, corrupt drivers, problematic DLLs, power supply issues, or even overheating of specific components of your PC. Hardware issues that cause BSoD can be obviously resolved by replacing/repairing the damaged components, but resolving this issue when software is the fault can be very tricky and potentially dangerous for your system. To avoid any unwanted issues by attempting a fix on your own, we recommend that you use a specialized Windows repair software, and the best option for this task is by far Restoro.
windows troubleshooters
This powerful and yet compact software enables you to resolve BSoD errors with just a few clicks of your mouse and without the need to worry about any other side effects. Next, we will present you with a step-by-step guide that will allow you to successfully set up Restoro, and start resolving a great variety of issues, including the dreaded BSoD:
  1. Download and install Restoro.
  2. Launch Restoro
    • Restoro will now compile data about your PC.
      Restoro first scan
  3. Wait for it to find any system stability issues and possible malware infections.
    • Once the scan is complete, Restoro will show you a summary of your PC’s current status.
      Restoro repair
  4. Press Start Repair.
    • Restoro will now start downloading and replacing and faulty registries, DLLs, and any other damaged files it may have found during the scan.
    • This is possible thanks to the online libraries that is uses for comparison, replacing damaged data with its perfectly functional equivalent.
  5. Restart your PC for all the changes to take effect.
Your PC should now work perfectly fine, and you will no longer have to worry about slow response times, BSoD errors, or anything of the sort. Disclaimer: This program needs to be upgraded from the free version in order to perform some specific actions.

2. Run the BSOD Troubleshooter 

  1. Open the Settings app and go to Update & Security section.
  2. Select Troubleshoot from the menu on the left.
  3. Select BSOD from the right pane and click Run the troubleshooter.
  4. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the troubleshooter.

Note: The Troubleshoot tool is a Windows 10’s built-in tool. The troubleshooter can help you resolve all sorts of issues, including the BSOD problems.


3. Make sure that Windows 10 and your drivers are up to date

Blue Screen of Death errors are often caused by an incompatible driver, and in order to fix this problem, it’s strongly advised you make sure that all your drivers are up to date.

Almost any driver can cause FILE SYSTEM error, so make sure that all your drivers are up to date. Searching for can be time-consuming. So, we advise you to use a tool that will do this for you automatically.

Using an automatic driver updater will certainly save you from the hassle of searching for drivers manually, and it will always keep your system up to date with the latest drivers.

DriverFix will help you update drivers automatically and prevent PC damage caused by installing the wrong driver versions. 

Some of the most common Windows errors and bugs are a result of old or incompatible drivers. The lack of an up-to-date system can lead to lag, system errors or even BSoDs. To avoid these types of problems, you can use an automatic tool that will find, download, and install the right driver version on your Windows PC in just a couple of clicks. DriverFix Updater We strongly recommend DriverFix. This is a safe and resource-saving tool that will be your best advisor for this type of operations. Follow these easy steps to safely update your drivers:
  1. Download and install DriverFix.
  2. Launch DriverFix.
  3. Wait for DriverFix to detect all your faulty drivers.
DriverFix Updater Scan
  1. DriverFix will now show you all the drivers that have issues, and you just need to select the ones you’d liked fixed.
DriverFix Updater Results
  1. Wait for DriverFix to download and install the newest drivers.
DriverFix Updater Update Drivers
  1. Restart your PC for the changes to take effect.
DriverFix

DriverFix

Your Windows will stay safe from any type of errors and changes. Download and install DriverFix now!
Free trial Visit website
Disclaimer: this program needs to be upgraded from the free version in order to perform some specific actions.

4. Update the Photo app

Because the FILE SYSTEM error (-2147219196) can also be caused by Photo app from Windows, you can try to update this particular app. Also, you can update the Windows if there is any update available.

To update the app, you have to go to Microsoft Store and search for Microsoft Photos. Once you have found it, click the Get button and install it.


5. Run the SFC scan

  1. Open Windows search bar and type cmd.
  2. Open Command Prompt (Admin).
  3. Enter the following line and press Enter: sfc/scannow
  4. Wait until the process is done (it may take a while).
  5. If the solution is found, it will automatically be applied.
  6. Now, close the Command Prompt and restart your computer.

Note: If Windows 10’s troubleshooter didn’t get the job done, we’re going to try with the SFC scan.

This command-line tool, System File Checker, resolves various issues within the system, and it might be helpful for dealing with FILE SYSTEM error, as well.


6. Run DISM

Standard way

  1. Right-click Start and open Command Prompt (Admin).
  2. Paste the following command and press Enter:
    DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
  3. Wait until the scan is finished.
  4. Restart your computer and try updating again.

With the Windows installation media

  1. Insert your Windows installation media.
  2. Open Command Prompt (Admin).
  3. In the command line, type the following commands and press Enter after each:
    dism /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
    dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth
  4. Now, type the following command and press Enter:
    DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth /source:WIM:X:SourcesInstall.wim:1 /LimitAccess
  5. Make sure to change an X value with the letter of the mounted drive with Windows 10 installation.
  6. After the procedure is finished, restart your computer.

Note: Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) reloads the system image, which can lead to resolving various issues, including our BSOD problem.


7. Remove your antivirus software

Users reported that certain software, most notably Computer Associates EZ eTrust Antivirus can cause this issue to appear. According to users, disabling this software permanently fixes FILE SYSTEM error.

We have to mention that almost any antivirus software can cause Blue Screen of Death errors on almost any version of Windows.

Therefore if you don’t use the aforementioned software, it’s highly advised that you disable or remove your currently installed antivirus and firewall.

We advise you to use a dedicated uninstaller tool. By using one of these tools, you’ll make sure that all files and registry keys related to your antivirus software are completely removed from your PC.

IObit is an uninstall utility that can help you completely remove any software from your PC. It removes leftovers of programs uninstalled by other utilities or uninstalled before using IObit Uninstaller.

Get IObit Uninstaller

If your problem is fixed after removing antivirus software, it’s advised that you reinstall it, or switch to a different one.

If you’re looking for an alternative antivirus program, feel free to check this guide including the best antivirus programs for Windows 10.


8. Perform chkdsk scan

  1. Press the Windows search box and type cmd.
  2. Select Command Prompt (Admin) from the menu.
  3. Enter the following command and press Enter:
    chkdsk /f /r C:
  4. You’ll have to perform a chkdsk for all hard drive partitions that you have, so be sure to replace the C with the appropriate drive letter. It’s worth mentioning that you might not be able to scan C drive until you restart your computer.
    chkdsk-cmd
  5. Wait for the chkdsk to complete the scan.

Note: In some cases, FILE SYSTEM BSoD error can be caused by corrupted files that you have on your hard drive, and in order to fix this issue, it’s advised that you perform a chkdsk scan.


9. Reset Windows 10

  1. Type reset this PC in the Windows search box.
  2. Choose Reset this PC to open the window shown directly below.reset pc
  3. Press the Get started button.
  4. Select the Keep my files option.
  5. Click the Next and Reset buttons to confirm.
  6. Reset process will now start. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the reset.

Note: If the issue still persists, you might have to reset Windows 10. Bear in mind that resetting Windows 10 will delete all files and folders on your C drive, so we advise that you back them up before performing this step.

After completing this process, you’ll have a new installation of Windows without any files, so you’ll have to install all your applications again.


10. Check for faulty hardware

If the problem still persists, even after you’ve reset Windows 10, then FILE SYSTEM error(-2147219196) is caused by faulty hardware or recently installed hardware.

RAM modules are the most common causes for this error, and in order to check your RAM, you need to download and run MemTest86+ for a couple of hours.

If your RAM is working properly, some other hardware, such as your motherboard or hard drive might be causing FILE SYSTEM BSOD error, so you might need to replace it.


FILE SYSTEM BSoD error can cause a lot of problems on your PC, but hopefully, you managed to fix it by using one of our solutions.


FAQ: Read more about FILE SYSTEM errors

  • What is a file system error?

File System errors are usually disk-related errors that may occur because of corrupt files, bad sectors, disk integrity corruption, file execution policies, and many others. Take a look at our guide with solutions on how to fix corrupted system files.

  • What causes file system errors?

File System errors are mostly caused by problems regarding disk-related errors due to bad sectors, disk integrity corruption, or something else connected with storage. If you need to replace your hard drive check our list with the best hard drives for Windows 10.

  • How do I fix a file system error?

Depending on the cause of the error, there are multiple solutions. Our complete guide on how to fix the file system error is exactly what you need.

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