Full Guide: FILE SYSTEM error in Windows 10

Milan Stanojevic
by Milan Stanojevic
Deputy Editor
Milan has been enthusiastic about PCs ever since his childhood days, and this led him to take interest in all PC-related technologies. Before joining WindowsReport, he worked as a front-end web developer. Read more
Affiliate Disclosure
  • FILE SYSTEM error (-2147219196) is often caused by faulty hardware or incompatible driver software.
  • If your Windows 10 crashes with the FILE SYSTEM error (-2147219196), make sure to update the drivers.
  • Using a third-party tool that addresses BSoD errors, is one of the best and safest solutions you can try.
  • If nothing works and the FILE SYSTEM error keeps appearing in Windows 10, check your hardware.
How to fix FILE SYSTEM error Windows 10
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Blue Screen of Death errors are probably one of the most dreaded errors on Windows, and rightfully so.

These errors are often caused by faulty hardware or incompatible software, and in some cases, these errors can prevent Windows 10 from starting. 

You can encounter the FILE SYSTEM error (-2147219196) while opening a picture in Windows Photo App or using any system app. This particular error might be caused by a Windows Update.

As you can see, BSoD errors can be rather serious, but you can fix the FILE SYSTEM error (-2147219196) and any other FILE SYSTEM errors by following one of our solutions.


How can I fix FILE SYSTEM error in Windows 10?

1. Use a third-party BSoD fixer

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Restoro is powered by an online database that features the latest functional system files for Windows 10 PCs, allowing you to easily replace any elements that can cause a BSoD error.

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  1. Download and install Restoro.
  2. Launch the application.
  3. Wait for the software to identify stability issues and possible corrupted files.
  4. Press Start Repair.
  5. Restart your PC for all the changes to take effect.

As soon as the fixing process is completed, your PC should work without problems, and you will not have to worry about BSoD errors or slow response times ever again.

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2. Run the BSOD Troubleshooter 

  1. Open the Settings app and go to Update & Security section.
  2. Select Troubleshoot from the menu on the left.
  3. Select BSOD from the right pane and click Run the troubleshooter.
  4. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the troubleshooter.

Note: The Troubleshoot tool is a Windows 10’s built-in tool. The troubleshooter can help you resolve all sorts of issues, including the BSOD problems.


3. Make sure that Windows 10 and your drivers are up to date

Blue Screen of Death errors are often caused by an incompatible driver, and in order to fix this problem, it’s strongly advised you make sure that all your drivers are up to date.

Almost any driver can cause FILE SYSTEM error, so make sure that all your drivers are up to date. Searching for can be time-consuming. So, we advise you to use a tool that will do this for you automatically.

Using an automatic driver updater will certainly save you from the hassle of searching for drivers manually, and it will always keep your system up to date with the latest drivers.

 Get DriverFix


4. Update the Photo app

Because the FILE SYSTEM error (-2147219196) can also be caused by Photo app from Windows, you can try to update this particular app. Also, you can update the Windows if there is any update available.

To update the app, you have to go to Microsoft Store and search for Microsoft Photos. Once you have found it, click the Get button and install it.


5. Run the SFC scan

  1. Open Windows search bar and type cmd.
  2. Open Command Prompt (Admin).
  3. Enter the following line and press Enter: sfc/scannow
  4. Wait until the process is done (it may take a while).
  5. If the solution is found, it will automatically be applied.
  6. Now, close the Command Prompt and restart your computer.

Note: If Windows 10’s troubleshooter didn’t get the job done, we’re going to try with the SFC scan.

This command-line tool, System File Checker, resolves various issues within the system, and it might be helpful for dealing with FILE SYSTEM error, as well.


6. Run DISM

Standard way

  1. Right-click Start and open Command Prompt (Admin).
  2. Paste the following command and press Enter:
    DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
  3. Wait until the scan is finished.
  4. Restart your computer and try updating again.

With the Windows installation media

  1. Insert your Windows installation media.
  2. Open Command Prompt (Admin).
  3. In the command line, type the following commands and press Enter after each:
    dism /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
    dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth
  4. Now, type the following command and press Enter:
    DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth /source:WIM:X:SourcesInstall.wim:1 /LimitAccess
  5. Make sure to change an X value with the letter of the mounted drive with Windows 10 installation.
  6. After the procedure is finished, restart your computer.

Note: Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) reloads the system image, which can lead to resolving various issues, including our BSOD problem.


7. Remove your antivirus software

Users reported that certain software, most notably Computer Associates EZ eTrust Antivirus can cause this issue to appear. According to users, disabling this software permanently fixes FILE SYSTEM error.

We have to mention that almost any antivirus software can cause Blue Screen of Death errors on almost any version of Windows.

Therefore if you don’t use the aforementioned software, it’s highly advised that you disable or remove your currently installed antivirus and firewall.

We advise you to use a dedicated uninstaller tool. By using one of these tools, you’ll make sure that all files and registry keys related to your antivirus software are completely removed from your PC.

IObit is an uninstall utility that can help you completely remove any software from your PC. It removes leftovers of programs uninstalled by other utilities or uninstalled before using IObit Uninstaller.

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If your problem is fixed after removing antivirus software, it’s advised that you reinstall it, or switch to a different one.

If you’re looking for an alternative antivirus program, feel free to check this guide including the best antivirus programs for Windows 10.


8. Perform chkdsk scan

  1. Press the Windows search box and type cmd.
  2. Select Command Prompt (Admin) from the menu.
  3. Enter the following command and press Enter:
    chkdsk /f /r C:
  4. You’ll have to perform a chkdsk for all hard drive partitions that you have, so be sure to replace the C with the appropriate drive letter. It’s worth mentioning that you might not be able to scan C drive until you restart your computer.
    chkdsk-cmd
  5. Wait for the chkdsk to complete the scan.

Note: In some cases, FILE SYSTEM BSoD error can be caused by corrupted files that you have on your hard drive, and in order to fix this issue, it’s advised that you perform a chkdsk scan.


9. Reset Windows 10

  1. Type reset this PC in the Windows search box.
  2. Choose Reset this PC to open the window shown directly below.reset pc
  3. Press the Get started button.
  4. Select the Keep my files option.
  5. Click the Next and Reset buttons to confirm.
  6. Reset process will now start. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the reset.

Note: If the issue still persists, you might have to reset Windows 10. Bear in mind that resetting Windows 10 will delete all files and folders on your C drive, so we advise that you back them up before performing this step.

After completing this process, you’ll have a new installation of Windows without any files, so you’ll have to install all your applications again.


10. Check for faulty hardware

If the problem still persists, even after you’ve reset Windows 10, then FILE SYSTEM error(-2147219196) is caused by faulty hardware or recently installed hardware.

RAM modules are the most common causes for this error, and in order to check your RAM, you need to download and run MemTest86+ for a couple of hours.

If your RAM is working properly, some other hardware, such as your motherboard or hard drive might be causing FILE SYSTEM BSOD error, so you might need to replace it.


FILE SYSTEM BSoD error can cause a lot of problems on your PC, but hopefully, you managed to fix it by using one of our solutions.


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Frequently Asked Questions

  • File System errors are usually disk-related errors that may occur because of corrupt files, bad sectors, disk integrity corruption, file execution policies, and many others. Take a look at our guide with solutions on how to fix corrupted system files.

  • File System errors are mostly caused by problems regarding disk-related errors due to bad sectors, disk integrity corruption, or something else connected with storage. If you need to replace your hard drive check our list with the best hard drives for Windows 10.

  • Depending on the cause of the error, there are multiple solutions. Our complete guide on how to fix the file system error is exactly what you need.

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