Full Guide: FILE SYSTEM error in Windows 10

Milan Stanojevic
by Milan Stanojevic
Deputy Editor
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  • Blue Screen of Death errors are often caused by faulty hardware or incompatible software, and in some cases, these errors can prevent Windows 10 from starting.
  • RAM modules are the most common causes for this error, and in order to check your RAM, you need to download and run MemTest86+ for a couple of hours.
  • It's no coincidence that we have a special section dedicated to Troubleshooting BSoD errors. Bookmark it for future reference.
  • We wish you don't see a Windows 10 error in your entire life but as it's highly improbable, check our Windows 10 errors Hub for fixes and guides.
How to fix FILE SYSTEM error Windows 10

Blue Screen of Death errors are probably one of the most dreaded errors on Windows, and rightfully so.

These errors are often caused by faulty hardware or incompatible software, and in some cases, these errors can prevent Windows 10 from starting.

As you can see, BSoD errors can be rather serious, but you can fix FILE SYSTEM error by following one of our solutions.

How can I fix FILE SYSTEM error in Windows 10?

Table of contents:

  1. Make sure that Windows 10 and your drivers are up to date
  2. Run the BSOD Troubleshooter
  3. Run the SFC scan
  4. Run DISM
  5. Remove your antivirus software
  6. Perform chkdsk scan
  7. Reset Windows 10
  8. Check for faulty hardware

Fix – FILE SYSTEM Windows 10 error

Solution 1 – Make sure that Windows 10 and your drivers are up to date

Blue Screen of Death errors are often caused by an incompatible driver, and in order to fix this problem, it’s strongly advised you make sure that all your drivers are up to date.

According to users, network drivers or graphic card drivers can often cause BSoD errors, so make sure that they are updated.

Bear in mind that almost any driver can cause FILE SYSTEM error, so make sure that all your drivers are up to date.

To update your drivers you can just go to your hardware manufacturer’s website and download the latest drivers for your device.

Bear in mind that you’ll have to do this process for most of the installed devices.

In addition to downloading the drivers from directly from the manufacturer, you can also download them using Device Manager. To do that, follow these steps:

  1. Start the Power User Menu by pressing Windows Key + X on your keyboard and choosing Device Manager from the list.
  2. Once the Device Manager starts, locate the device you wish to update, right-click it, and choose Update Driver Software.
  3. Select Search automatically for updated driver software and let Windows 10 find the latest driver for you. Bear in mind that you’ll have to repeat this process for every device that you wish to update.

In addition to updating your drivers, it’s crucial that you keep Windows 10 up to date with the latest updates as well.

New updates bring security improvements and often fix compatibility issues with certain hardware, so it’s highly advised to keep your computer up to date if you want to fix FILE SYSTEM BSoD error.

Update drivers automatically

Searching for drivers on your own can be time-consuming. So, we advise you to use a tool that will do this for you automatically.

Using an automatic driver updater will certainly save you from the hassle of searching for drivers manually, and it will always keep your system up to date with the latest drivers.

Tweakbit’s Driver Updater (approved by Microsoft and Norton Antivirus) will help you update drivers automatically and prevent PC damage caused by installing the wrong driver versions. 

After several tests, our team concluded that this is the best-automatized solution.

Here is a quick guide on how to use it:

  1. Download and install TweakBit Driver Updaterdriver updater starting window
  2. Once installed, the program will start scanning your PC for outdated drivers automatically. Driver Updater will check your installed driver versions against its cloud database of the latest versions and recommend proper updates. All you need to do is wait for the scan to complete.
    scanning proccess of Tweakbit driver updater
  3. Upon scan completion, you get a report on all problem drivers found on your PC. Review the list and see if you want to update each driver individually or all at once. To update one driver at a time, click the Update driver link next to the driver name. Or simply click the Update all button at the bottom to automatically install all recommended updates.
    Automatically Update complete
    Note: Some drivers need to be installed in multiple steps so you will have to hit the Update button several times until all of its components are installed.

Solution 2 – Run the BSOD Troubleshooter 

The next thing we’re going to try is running Windows 10’s built-in troubleshooting tool. This tool can help you resolve all sorts of issues, including the BSOD problems.

Here’s how to run Windows 10’s built-in troubleshooter:

  1. Open the Settings app and go to Update & Security section.
  2. Select Troubleshoot from the menu on the left.
  3. Select BSOD from the right pane and click Run the troubleshooter.Troubleshooting BSOD
  4. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the troubleshooter.

Solution 3 – Run the SFC scan

If Windows 10’s troubleshooter didn’t get the job done, we’re going to try with the SFC scan.

This command-line tool resolves various issues within the system, and it might be helpful for dealing with FILE SYSTEM error, as well.

Here’s how to run the SFC scan in Windows 10:

  1. Right-click on the Start Menu button, and open Command Prompt (Admin).
  2. Enter the following line and press Enter: sfc/scannow
  3. Wait until the process is done (it may take a while).
  4. If the solution is found, it will automatically be applied.
  5. Now, close the Command Prompt and restart your computer.

Solution 4 – Run DISM

If previous troubleshooters failed to resolve the problem, we can try DISM.

Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) reloads the system image, which can lead to resolving various issues, including our BSOD problem.

We’ll walk you through both standard and the procedure that utilizes the installation media below:

  • Standard way
  1. Right-click Start and open Command Prompt (Admin).
  2. Paste the following command and press Enter:
      • DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
  3. Wait until the scan is finished.
  4. Restart your computer and try updating again.
  • With the Windows installation media
  1. Insert your Windows installation media.
  2. Right-click the Start menu and, from the menu, choose the Command Prompt (Admin).
  3. In the command line, type the following commands and press Enter after each:
    • dism /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
    • dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth
  4. Now, type the following command and press Enter:
    • DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth /source:WIM:X:SourcesInstall.wim:1 /LimitAccess
  5. Make sure to change an X value with the letter of the mounted drive with Windows 10 installation.
  6. After the procedure is finished, restart your computer.

Solution 5 – Remove your antivirus software

Users reported that certain software, most notably Computer Associates EZ eTrust Antivirus can cause this issue to appear.

According to users, disabling this software permanently fixes FILE SYSTEM error.

We have to mention that almost any antivirus software can cause Blue Screen of Death errors on almost any version of Windows.

Therefore if you don’t use the aforementioned software, it’s highly advised that you disable or remove your currently installed antivirus and firewall.

If removing your antivirus software doesn’t fix the issue, we also advise you to try using one of the dedicated uninstaller tools.

Most antivirus companies have these tools available for download on their websites, so make sure that you use them.

By using one of these tools, you’ll make sure that all files and registry keys related to your antivirus software are completely removed from your PC.

If your problem is fixed after removing antivirus software, it’s advised that you reinstall it, or switch to a different one.

If you’re looking for an alternative antivirus program, feel free to check the list of best antivirus programs for Windows 10.

Solution 6 – Perform chkdsk scan

In some cases, FILE SYSTEM BSoD error can be caused by corrupted files that you have on your hard drive, and in order to fix this issue, it’s advised that you perform a chkdsk scan. To perform a chkdsk scan, you need to do the following:

  1. Press Windows Key + X and select Command Prompt (Admin) from the menu.
  2. Enter chkdsk /f /r C: and press Enter. You’ll have to perform a chkdsk for all hard drive partitions that you have, so be sure to replace the C with the appropriate drive letter. It’s worth mentioning that you might not be able to scan C drive until you restart your computer.
  3. Wait for the chkdsk to complete the scan.

If you cannot access Windows 10 at all, try to access it from Safe Mode. To enter Safe Mode follow these simple steps:

  1. Restart your computer couple of times while it boots. This should start the Automatic Repair process.
  2. Choose Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Startup Settings. Click the Restart button.
  3. Once your computer restarts, select Safe Mode with Networking by pressing 5 or F5.
  4. Repeat the aforementioned steps to perform the chkdsk scan.

In case you can’t access Safe Mode due to FILE SYSTEM error, you can run the Command Prompt from Advanced Boot options menu. To do that, do the following:

  1. Access the Automatic Repair mode by restarting your PC couple of times.
  2. Choose Troubleshoot > Advanced Options > Command Prompt.
  3. When Command Prompt starts, enter chkdsk /f /r C:. Be sure to replace C with other letters that match the appropriate hard drive partitions on your PC.

Solution 7 – Reset Windows 10

If the issue still persists, you might have to reset Windows 10.

Bear in mind that resetting Windows 10 will delete all files and folders on your C drive, so we advise that you back them up before performing this step. To reset Windows 10, do the following:

  1. Reset your PC couple of times while it boots until you enter Automatic Repair mode.
  2. Select Troubleshoot > Reset this PC > Remove everything > Only the drive where Windows is installed.
  3. Now select Just remove my files.
  4. This will start the Windows 10 reset process. Follow the instructions and wait for it to finish.

After completing this process, you’ll have a new installation of Windows without any files, so you’ll have to install all your applications again.

Solution 8 – Check for faulty hardware

If the problem still persists, even after you’ve resetted Windows 10, then FILE SYSTEM error is caused by faulty hardware or recently installed hardware.

RAM modules are the most common causes for this error, and in order to check your RAM, you need to download and run MemTest86+ for a couple of hours.

If your RAM is working properly, some other hardware, such as your motherboard or hard drive might be causing FILE SYSTEM BSOD error, so you might need to replace it.

FILE SYSTEM BSoD error can cause a lot of problems on your PC, but hopefully, you managed to fix it by using one of our solutions.

FAQ: Read more about FILE SYSTEM errors

  • What is a file system error?
File System errors are usually disk-related errors that may occur because of corrupt files, bad sectors, disk integrity corruption, file execution policies, and many others. Read about how to fix corrupted system files.
  • What causes file system errors?
File System errors are mostly caused by problems regarding disk-related errors due to bad sectors, disk integrity corruption, or something else connected with storage. If you need to replace your hard drive check our list with the best hard drives for Windows 10.
  • How do I fix a file system error?

Make sure that Windows 10 and your drivers are up to date. Next, read our complete guide to fix the file system error.

Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in November 2018 and has been since revamped and updated in April 2020 for freshness, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.

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