FIX: RDR FILE SYSTEM error in Windows 10

Milan Stanojevic
by Milan Stanojevic
Deputy Editor
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  • The most common cause for BSoD error is software or hardware incompatibility, and you can avoid most of the compatibility issues by downloading the Windows updates regularly.
  • Since BSoD issues are often caused by faulty or incompatible drivers, make sure that all the drivers are up to date in order to avoid getting RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error.
  • Blue Screen of Death errors aren't called like this for nothing. Head over to our BSoD Troubleshooting Hub to get help.
  • The Windows 10 errors section is prepared with a lot of articles and guides on how to solve suck probems. 
How to fix RDR FILE SYSTEM error in Windows 10
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Computer errors are relatively common, and for the most part, these errors aren’t usually serious.

Blue Screen of Death errors, on the other hand, can be caused by faulty hardware, therefore it’s crucial to fix these errors as soon as possible.

Since BSoD errors are a serious issue, today we’re going to show you how to fix RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error on Windows 10.

How can I fix RDR_FILE_SYSTEM BSoD error in Windows 10?

Table of contents:

  1. Make sure that your Windows 10 is up to date
  2. Run the BSOD Troubleshooter 
  3. Run the SFC scan
  4. Run DISM
  5. Uninstall / reinstall your antivirus software
  6. Remove any recently installed software
  7. Run the chkdsk command
  8. Check your hardware

Fix – RDR_FILE_SYSTEM Windows 10 error

Solution 1 – Make sure that your Windows 10 is up to date

The most common cause for BSoD error is software or hardware incompatibility, and you can avoid most of the compatibility issues by downloading the Windows updates regularly.

Updates often fix compatibility issues and security flaws, so it’s a good practice to download them frequently.

In addition to Windows 10 updates, we advise you to regularly update your drivers.

Since BSoD issues are often caused by faulty or incompatible drivers, make sure that your motherboard, network adapter, and graphic card drivers are up to date to avoid getting RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error.

If you need to update your drivers, you can easily do so by downloading them manually from your hardware manufacturer’s website.

Update drivers automatically

Searching for drivers on your own can be time-consuming. So, we advise you to use a tool that will do this for you automatically.

Using an automatic driver updater will certainly save you from the hassle of searching for drivers manually, and it will always keep your system up to date with the latest drivers.

Tweakbit’s Driver Updater (approved by Microsoft and Norton Antivirus) will help you update drivers automatically and prevent PC damage caused by installing the wrong driver versions. 

After several tests, our team concluded that this is the best-automatized solution.

Here is a quick guide on how to use it:

  1. Download and install TweakBit Driver Updaterdriver updater starting window
  2. Once installed, the program will start scanning your PC for outdated drivers automatically. Driver Updater will check your installed driver versions against its cloud database of the latest versions and recommend proper updates. All you need to do is wait for the scan to complete.
    scanning proccess of Tweakbit driver updater
  3. Upon scan completion, you get a report on all problem drivers found on your PC. Review the list and see if you want to update each driver individually or all at once. To update one driver at a time, click the Update driver link next to the driver name. Or simply click the Update all button at the bottom to automatically install all recommended updates.
    Automatically Update complete
    Note: Some drivers need to be installed in multiple steps so you will have to hit the ‘Update’ button several times until all of its components are installed.

Solution 2 – Run the BSOD Troubleshooter 

If you’re still facing the problem after updating your drivers, let’s try a few troubleshooting tools.

The first troubleshooter we’re going to try is Windows 10’s built-in BSOD troubleshooter.

As you would’ve guessed, this tool deals with various BSOD issues, including the RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error.

Here’s how to run Windows 10’s troubleshooter for BSOD issues:

  1. Open the Settings app and go to Update & Security section.
  2. Select Troubleshoot from the menu on the left.
  3. Select BSOD from the right pane and click Run the troubleshooter.Troubleshooting BSOD
  4. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the troubleshooter.

Solution 3 – Run the SFC scan

The next troubleshooter we’re going to try is the SFC scan. This is a command line tool that goes through your system seeking potential issues.

Of course, if the solutions is possible, the SFC scan will resolve the problem automatically.

Here’s how to run the SFC scan in Windows 10:

  1. Right-click on the Start Menu button, and open Command Prompt (Admin).
  2. Enter the following line and press Enter: sfc/scannow
  3. Wait until the process is done (it may take a while).
  4. If the solution is found, it will automatically be applied.
  5. Now, close the Command Prompt and restart your computer.

Solution 4 – Run DISM

And the final troubleshooter we’re going to use is DISM. Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) deploys the system image all over again, resolving potential issues along the way.

So, it might be helpful when dealing with the RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error.

We’ll walk you through both standard and the procedure that utilizes the installation media below:

  • Standard way
  1. Right-click Start and open Command Prompt (Admin).
  2. Paste the following command and press Enter:
      • DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
  3. Wait until the scan is finished.
  4. Restart your computer and try updating again.
  • With the Windows installation media
  1. Insert your Windows installation media.
  2. Right-click the Start menu and, from the menu, choose the Command Prompt (Admin).
  3. In the command line, type the following commands and press Enter after each:
    • dism /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
    • dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth
  4. Now, type the following command and press Enter:
    • DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth /source:WIM:X:SourcesInstall.wim:1 /LimitAccess
  5. Make sure to change an X value with the letter of the mounted drive with Windows 10 installation.
  6. After the procedure is finished, restart your computer.

Solution 5 – Uninstall / reinstall your antivirus software

It was reported by users that Norton antivirus can often cause RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error to occur.

Apparently, Norton has some minor issues with Windows 10, and in order to fix the aforementioned error you need to completely uninstall Norton antivirus from your PC.

Sometimes, uninstalling an antivirus software leaves certain files and registry entries on your PC, and those files can also cause RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error to appear.

In order to completely remove all remaining Norton files, you should use Norton Removal Tool.

Simply download this tool and run it, and it will remove Norton and all its file from your PC completely.

Although Norton is confirmed to cause this issue, any other antivirus software can also cause RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error.

Therefore it’s advised that you remove any antivirus software that you currently have installed.

Many antivirus companies offer uninstaller tools for their software, so make sure to download them and use them to completely remove a certain antivirus.

After you’ve uninstalled your antivirus software, you can reinstall it again, but be sure to use the latest version, since the latest version will probably have most of the older bugs fixed.

Alternatively, you can just install a different antivirus program on your PC.

Solution 6 – Remove any recently installed software

RDR_FILE_SYSTEM BSoD error can be caused by incompatible software, and if you recently installed any third-party software, that software can be the cause of this error.

To fix this issue, we advise you to uninstall any software that you installed a few days before this issue occurred.

Most commonly BSoD errors are caused by antivirus, VPN, or overclocking software, so if you’re using any of those, make sure that you uninstall them.

In some rare cases, even recently installed drivers can cause BSoD error to appear.

If you installed any new drivers in the past, make sure to remove them or to rollback to the previous version of the driver. To do that, simply follow these steps:

  1. Press Windows Key + X to open Power User Menu and choose Device Manager from the list.
  2. Once the Device Manager opens, locate the recently installed driver, right-click it and choose Properties from the menu.
  3. Go to the Driver tab and click on Roll Back Driver button.

If rolling back the driver doesn’t work, uninstall the driver, download the older version and install it again.

Solution 7 – Run the chkdsk command

In certain cases, these errors can be caused by corrupted files and folders on your hard drive, therefore you need to perform a chkdsk command.

If you can access Windows 10, perform the chkdsk by following these steps:

  1. Press Windows Key + X and choose Command Prompt (Admin) from the menu.
  2. Once the Command Prompt starts, enter the chkdsk /f /r C:. You can replace C with the letter that matches your hard drive partition. You might have to restart your computer in order to perform chkdsk for the C drive, so keep that in mind.

If you cannot access Windows 10 due to RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error, you’ll need to do the following:

  1. Restart your computer a few times while it boots. This should start Automatic Repair process.
  2. Choose Troubleshoot > Advanced options > Command Prompt.
  3. When Command Prompt starts enter chkdsk /f /r C: to perform a chkdsk scan. Be sure to perform chkdsk for all hard drive partitions that you have.

Solution 8 – Check your hardware

Often the cause for RDR_FILE_SYSTEM is faulty hardware, most commonly RAM.

Users reported that after replacing the faulty RAM module, the issue was permanently fixed, so be sure to test your RAM memory.

In order to check your RAM memory you need to do the following:

  1. Download MemTest86+.
  2. Burn the tool to a CD or create a bootable USB flash drive.
  3. Connect the CD or USB flash drive and boot your PC from it.
  4. Let the MemTest86+ run for couple of hours.
  5. If any errors are found, it means that one or more RAM modules are corrupt and that you need to replace it.

In addition to RAM, almost any other hardware component can cause this BSoD error to appear, so you might have to check other installed hardware.

It’s also worth mentioning that any recently installed hardware can cause RDR_FILE_SYSTEM BSoD error if that hardware isn’t fully compatible with your motherboard.

To diagnose the problem, you should replace recently added hardware and check if your PC works without it.

RDR_FILE_SYSTEM BSoD error can create certain problems on Windows 10, but you can fix this error easily by following one of our solutions.

  • Is it OK to stop chkdsk?
No, it’s not safe at all. The safe way is to wait until it completes. Stopping the computer during the chkdsk might lead to file system corruption. Here’s a guide to fix corrupted system files.

Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in December 2018 and has been since revamped and updated in April 2020 for freshness, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • The RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error is a BSoD error often caused by outdated Windows 10 drivers, incompatible antivirus programs, registry errors, and hardware problems.

  • First, make sure that your Windows 10 is up to date, then, run the BSOD Troubleshooter. If, after all these operations, the problem persists, use our full guide to fix the RDR_FILE_SYSTEM error.

  • No, it’s not safe at all. The safe way is to wait until it completes. Stopping the computer during the chkdsk might lead to file system corruption. Here’s a guide to fix corrupted system files.

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