Fix BAD SYSTEM CONFIG INFO error in Windows 10 [BSoD help]

by Milan Stanojevic
Milan Stanojevic
Milan Stanojevic
Windows & Software Expert
Milan has been enthusiastic about PCs ever since his childhood days, and this led him to take interest in all PC-related technologies. Before joining WindowsReport, he worked as... read more
Affiliate Disclosure
  • Problematic software or hardware causes the error BAD SYSTEM CONFIG INFO in Windows 10.
  • A corrupt Boot Configuration Data (BCD) file is the most usual suspect for this problem, but we have a solution to fix it.
  • If it occurs during the startup, you will need to use a Windows 10 bootable media to start the troubleshooting.
How to fix bad system config info in Windows-10

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Blue Screen of Death errors, also known as STOP errors, are one of the most serious problems on Windows 10.

The BAD_SYSTEM_CONFIG_INFO error causes a blue screen and can be very intimidating because it prevents you from using the system normally.

What is BAD_SYSTEM_CONFIG_INFO and what causes it?

BSoDs are usually caused by hardware problems so one of the components like RAM or your hard drive might be failing.

However, in this case, the culprit may be the Boot Configuration Data (BCD) in Windows 10. Luckily, it can also be caused by incorrect system settings or third-party software.

We’re saying luckily because these kinds of problems are easier to tackle than having to replace any of your PC’s components.

Other manifestations of the BAD_SYSTEM_CONFIG_INFO error

BAD_SYSTEM_CONFIG_INFO falls into the category of BSoD errors. Along with it, in this article, we’re also going to cover the following issues and more:

  • Bad_system_config_info registry
  • Bad_system_config_info RAM
  • Bad system config info on startup, boot
  • Blue screen of death bad_system_config_info
  • Bad_system_config_info after update
  • Bad_system_config_info hard drive, HDD
  • Bad system config info loop
  • Bad_system_config_info ntoskrnl.exe, ntfs.sys, classpnp.sys, rdyboost.sys

So, if you’re having trouble with any of these error instances, be sure to try the solutions below.

How do I fix the BAD SYSTEM CONFIG INFO BSoD error?

1. Fix the BCD file

Note icon
To complete this solution, you’ll need a Windows 10 installation DVD or a bootable USB flash drive with Windows 10 on it.

  1. Insert the bootable DVD or USB flash drive and boot your PC from it. If you don’t have one, we have an excellent guide on how to create a bootable media.
  2. Click on Next and then click on Repair your computer.
  3. Choose Troubleshoot.
  4. Then Advanced Options, and select Command Prompt.
  5. Enter the following lines and press Enter after each line in order to execute it:
    • bootrec /repairbcdBad system config info on startup bootrec /repairbcd
    • bootrec /osscanBlue screen of death bad_system_config_info bootrec /osscan
    • bootrec /repairmbrBad_system_config_info after update bootrec /repairmbr

It’s worth mentioning that the last command will delete Master Boot Records and recreate them, so be careful while using it. 

After you’re done, close Command Prompt and restart your PC, then check if the error persists. If the BCD file was the problem, it should have been resolved.

2. Edit the BCD file

  1. Restart your computer while it boots. Repeat this step until you start the Automatic Repair.
  2. Choose Troubleshoot.
  3. Then select Advanced Options and start Command Prompt.
  4. Enter the following lines:
    • bcdedit/deletevalue {default} numprocBad_system_config_info registry bcdedit/deletevalue {default} numproc
    • bcdedit/deletevalue {default} truncatememoryBad_system_config_info RAM bcdedit/deletevalue {default} truncatememory
  5. Close Command Prompt and try starting Windows 10 again.

When you encounter the BAD SYSTEM CONFIG INFO error in Windows 10, your computer may have damaged files.

We recommend using a third-party solution like Restoro that will scan and then safely repair your operating system.

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It restores maximum performance to your computer, frees important disk space, and it also replaces any damaged Windows files it detects.

3. Update your drivers

  1. Press the Start button, type device manager, and select the app from the results.
  2. Expand the sections and look if there is a device marked with an exclamation symbol next to it, right click on it and select Update driver.
  3. Now click on Search automatically for drivers.
  4. The system will look for any new drivers and if it finds one, it will install it. If not, click on Search for updated drivers on Windows Update.
  5. First, click on the Check for updates button to see if there are new Windows updates you should install.
  6. If the system is up to date, click on View all optional updates.
  7. Next, select the Driver updates section, check the boxes for any new drivers and click the Download and install button.
  8. You should perform the steps for all the drivers, even if they don’t have the exclamation mark, just to be on the safe side.

Outdated or incompatible drivers can cause many issues. For example, if your drivers don’t work, you won’t be able to use certain hardware, and in the worst-case scenario, you’ll get a BSoD error such as BAD_SYSTEM_CONFIG_INFO.

This is why, in order to avoid all BSoD errors, be sure that all major components are up to date with the latest drivers.

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If updating the drivers from Device Manager doesn’t fix the problem, visit your hardware manufacturer’s website, locate your device, and download the latest drivers for it.

After installing the latest drivers, BSoD errors should be resolved. Bear in mind that you’ll have to update as many drivers as you can in order to successfully fix this problem.

We recommend using a dedicated tool to automatically get the necessary updates. This scans your system and finds the compatible software to replace outdated drivers.

Download and install that software, and let it scan your PC for driver problems. At the end of the process, you will get a list of recommended drivers to install. Choose to install all the drivers or install them individually.

4. Fix the Windows Registry

Note icon
By entering the commands below you’ll rename some important folders. After you rename them, Windows 10 won’t be able to use them anymore. You can also delete them, but it’s always better to rename them in case you need to restore them later.

4.1 Rename the Registry files

  1. Boot your computer from Windows 10 installation media (check the previous solution).
  2. Choose Troubleshoot.
  3. Now select Advanced Options, and click on Command Prompt.
  4. Paste the following lines and press Enter after each line in order to run it:
    • CD C:\Windows\System32\config
      ren C:\Windows\System32\config\DEFAULT DEFAULT.old
      ren C:\Windows\System32\config\SAM SAM.old
      ren C:\Windows\System32\config\SECURITY SECURITY.old
      ren C:\Windows\System32\config\SOFTWARE SOFTWARE.old
      ren C:\Windows\System32\config\SYSTEM SYSTEM.old

4.2 Copy the new folders

  1. Enter the following lines into Command Prompt:
    • copy C:\Windows\System32\config\RegBack\DEFAULT C:\Windows\System32\config
      copy C:\Windows\System32\config\RegBack\SAM C:\Windows\System32\config
      copy C:\Windows\System32\config\RegBack\SECURITY C:\Windows\System32\config
      copy C:\Windows\System32\config\RegBack\SYSTEM C:\Windows\System32\config
      copy C:\Windows\System32\config\RegBack\SOFTWARE C:\Windows\System32\config
  2. This will copy the registry backup and replace the old files. Close Command Prompt and restart your computer.

Some users have repaired their Windows registry and prevented BSOD errors from activating on their computers by using different registry editors.

5. Perform a System Restore

  1. Restart your computer a couple of times while it boots to start the Automatic Repair process.
  2. Select Troubleshoot.
  3. Click on Advanced Options, and select System Restore.
  4. Then, select your username and follow the instructions.
  5. Select the restore point you wish to restore to and click Next.
    Bad_system_config_info hard drive restore the system from a restore point
  6. Wait for the System Restore process to finish.

6. Perform a Windows 10 reset

Note icon
Before starting this procedure, be sure to create a backup because the reset process will delete all files from your C partition.

  1. Start the Automatic Repair process by restarting your computer a few times.
  2. Choose Troubleshoot and select Reset this PC.
  3. Select Remove everything.
  4. Then, choose Only the drive where Windows is installed, and then select Just remove my files.
  5. Click the Reset button and wait for the process to finish.

In order to complete the Windows 10 reset, you might need Windows 10 installation media, so be sure to have one. After the reset process is completed, you’ll have a fresh installation of Windows 10.

7. Check your hardware

  1. Click the Start button, type memory diagnostic, and click on the Windows Memory Diagnostic app from the results.
  2. Select Restart now and check for problems.
  3. The system will restart and perform a memory check to verify if there are any problems with your RAM modules.

Most commonly the BSoD errors are caused by faulty RAM, so be sure to check your memory first. If the diagnostic finds any such issue, you will need to replace the faulty module.

Users reported that BAD_SYSTEM_CONFIG_INFO error can also be caused by a faulty hard drive, and according to users, replacing the hard drive fixed the problem.

It’s worth mentioning that almost any component may lead to this issue, so be sure to perform a detailed hardware inspection.

Our readers reported that this error was fixed by using bcdedit or by fixing Windows Registry, so be sure to try those solutions.

BAD_SYSTEM_CONFIG_INFO isn’t as serious as other BSoD errors, and we hope that after performing the recommended steps above, you managed to fix your PC.

It would also be helpful to read our guide on what to do if a BSoD error occurs during Windows 10/11 updates.

If you have any other suggestions or solutions, don’t hesitate to post them in the comments section below because they will help other readers.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • The BAD_SYSTEM_CONFIG_INFO is a BSoD error can be either caused by software or hardware. If the error is caused by hardware components, unfortunately, you will be forced to replace that particular component.

  • That problem is usually caused by bad drivers so the first step would be to update them. If the problem persists, you can always rely on our full, step-by-step guide to fix the bad_system_config_info error.

  • There are a lot of BSoD errors out there so you will have to look for the error code and search for that specific code. You can also check our list with the best software to fix BSoD.

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