- If your PC has 100% disk usage over long periods of time, it will affect its functionality.
- The guide below shows you what to do in such situations.
- This is not an uncommon issue, as you will see from our dedicated CPU Usage Fix Hub.
- Even more troubleshooting guides can be found on our website's Windows 10 Errors page.
Users are complaining that their disk usage stays at 100% after they installed Windows 10. This problem can occur in Windows 10, but it can also show up in older Windows operating systems.
And there are a few workarounds you can try to reduce the disk usage; we’re showing you how in this article.
How to fix 100% disk usage in Windows 10?
- Disable Superfetch service
- Disable Prefetch
- Turn off Windows Search
- Run Disk Check
- Run Disk Cleanup
- Update your computer
- Disable problematic software
- Reset virtual memory
- Clean boot your computer
1. Disable Superfetch service
- Go to Search, type services.msc and open Services
- Find Superfetch service, right-click on it and go to Properties
- Click on Disable, and then OK
Now reboot your computer and see if the disk usage is reduced.
Superfetch and Prefetch are services that could significantly improve the system performance by predicting which applications the user is going to open and preemptively loading program data into memory.
But these services could also cause a high disk usage sometimes, and this is why you’ll maybe want to disable them in order to solve this problem.
2. Disable Prefetch
- Go to Search, type regedit and open Registry Editor
- Navigate to the following path:
- Double click on EnablePrefetch. You can configure EnablePrefetch by entering some of the following values into Value Data box:
- 0 – Disables Prefetcher
- 1 – Enables Prefetch for Applications only
- 2 – Enables Prefetch for Boot files only
- 3 – Enables Prefetch for Boot and Application files
- As the default value is 3, set it to 0
- Restart the computer
These two services are the most common reasons for high disk usage in Windows but don’t disable them if you don’t face this issue, because they can be good for your system sometimes.
3. Turn off Windows Search
- Open Command Prompt as ad administrator
- Enter the following command: net.exe stop Windows search
- Wait until the process is finished.
- Launch Task Manager and check if your disk usage is still at 100%.
Many users confirmed that disabling Windows Search fixes this problem. So if this quick solution fixes the problems, this means that you identified the culprit.
Now, you need to disable Windows Search permanently. Here’s how you can do that:
- Go to Search, type services.msc, then open Services
- Find the Windows Search service and right-click on it. Go to Properties
- Under the General tab, go to Startup type, set it to Disabled and hit Apply.
4. Run Disk Check
- Launch Command Prompt as an administrator
- Enter the CHKDSK /R command
- Wait for your computer to process the command
- Go to Task Manager and check if the problem persists.
This should solve any problem with your disk and fix the high disk usage problem as well.
5. Run Disk Cleanup
- Go to Search, type Disk Cleanup, double click on the first result to launch the tool
- Select the disk that you want to clean. Your PC will display more information on much space you can free up
- Hit the Clean up system files option to launch the process.
This helps you to remove temporary files that only clog your computer. Yes, too many temporary files could be another explanation as to why you’re getting 100 disk usage in Windows 10.
6. Update your computer
The golden rule for using Windows 10 is to always install the latest system updates.
Microsoft regularly pushes new updates in order to improve the OS, add new features, and fix the bugs reported by users. Who knows, maybe the newest system update features a fix aimed at solving high disk usage problems.
7. Disable problematic software
To do that, open Task Manager. In the Disk column, you can see which programs put a strain on your disk. You can then right-click the problematic programs and select End Task to stop them.
8. Reset virtual memory
- Open Control Panel, type advanced system in the search bar and click on Advanced System Settings.
- Now, navigate to the Advanced tab, then to Performance and go to Settings.
- Go to Advanced > Virtual memory > Change.
- Uncheck the option Automatically manage paging file size for all drives.
- Select the drive where you installed Windows, enter an Initial size and Maximum size for virtual memory settings then click on Set the new values.
As far as the Initial size is concerned, you can simply enter the number available in the Recommended category. For the Maximum size, use a value that is 1.5 times the size of your physical RAM.
9. Clean boot your computer
- Go to Start, type msconfig and hit Enter.
- Navigate to System Configuration, click on the Services tab, check the Hide all Microsoft services check box and click Disable all.
- Go to the Startup tab and open Task Manager.
- Select each startup item, click Disable.
- Close the Task Manager and restart the computer.
You can easily reduce the number of programs running on your computer by clean booting your device. In this manner, your Windows 10 PC will boot using only the very minimum set of drivers and programs that it needs to properly run.
We hope these solutions helped you to reduce 100% disk usage in Windows 10. If you have any comments or questions, write them down in the comments section below.
FAQ: Learn more about disk usage
- What can full disk usage lead to?
When your PC is at full disk capacity, it will no longer be capable of launching new apps.
- How can I monitor my disk activity?
One way of making sure your disk capacity never reaches 100% is to monitor it with the Task Manager.
- Is there any disk-monitoring software that I can use?
Yes, there are plenty of dedicated tools made specifically for monitoring your disk and CPU usage.
Editor's Note: This article was originally published in July 2015 and was revamped and updated in July 2020 for freshness, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.