Fix: WiFi adapter not working in Windows 10 & Windows 11

by Ivan Jenic
Ivan Jenic
Ivan Jenic
Troubleshooting Expert
Passionate about all elements related to Windows and combined with his innate curiosity, Ivan has delved deep into understanding this operating system, with a specialization in drivers and... read more
Affiliate Disclosure
  • When the Wi-Fi adapter is not working in Windows 10, you only have the wired option at your disposal unless you take action.
  • Some users reported wireless connection issues immediately after a Windows update.
  • The most frequently encountered cause is related to network adapter drivers.

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Various software and hardware-related issues may occur after a Windows 10 update. One of these problems is that the WiFi adapter is not working any longer for some users.

Namely, they reported that their computers weren’t even able to detect and recognize the wireless network adapter, which worked fine before. Don’t worry, we have plenty of solutions for this problem.

If you can’t connect when using any device to the same network, try to troubleshoot the local network, starting with your router.

We also have an excellent guide on how to detect the home network in Windows 10, in case you need assistance in that regard.

What can cause the Wi-Fi adapter to stop working?

If the WiFi adapter is not working, you will either have to find an external WiFi adapter to use temporarily or connect to a wired network.

Either way, you will still need to troubleshoot the problem, so let’s see some common reasons for this issue:

Malfunctioning drivers – Especially after an OS update you can encounter problems with the drivers that are not working properly. Updating them as revealed below will solve the issue.

Improper settings – Some adaptor settings may have changed without warning and this can affect its functionality.

The adapter is damaged – Although highly unlikely, if the problem coincides with a drop of your laptop, you might consider that this component is damaged.

What are other common Wi-Fi adapter issues?

Here are some similar issues you can also resolve with the fixes presented below:

  • Windows 10 no Wi-Fi option – Sometimes, the Wi-Fi button in the taskbar may be missing. Nevertheless, you can still use the same solutions to resolve this problem.
  • Windows 10 Wi-Fi adapter missing – If your computer fails to recognize the adapter, you won’t be able to see it in Device Manager.
  • My Windows 10 Wi-Fi disconnects frequently – If your connection is unstable, one of the solutions below will fix that too.
  • Windows 10 no Wi-Fi option in settings  Just like it’s the case with the taskbar, the Wi-Fi option may also disappear from the Settings page.
  • Windows 10 Wi-Fi connected but no Internet – This one’s the worst – when everything seems right, you just can’t connect to the Internet. But don’t worry, you’ll be able to resolve this when applying the solutions presented below.
  • Realtek WiFi adapter not working
Tip icon
Since Realtek issues seem to be more frequent than others (either the Realtek WiFi adapter keeps disconnecting, it has disappeared completely or it’s simply not showing in the Device manager, many are wondering how to tackle this particular situation. Here are some quick tips:

How do I fix the Realtek WiFi driver?

➡ Make sure the Realtek network adapter is enabled (you can also try to disable and re-enable it a few times from the Control Panel)
➡ If your Realtek network adapter has gone missing after installing Windows 10 or 11 updates, you might want to revert and uninstall those particular upgrades
➡ Uninstalling and reinstalling the network adapter via the Device Manager can also help
➡ Finally, don’t forget to update your drivers or, if such is the case, try rolling back to a previous version (where it worked fine)

What can I do if the Wi-Fi adapter stops working on Windows 10 & 11?

  1. Update the network drivers (Internet needed)
  2. Use the Network troubleshooter
  3. Reset network adapters
  4. Perform a registry tweak with Command Prompt
  5. Change the adapter settings
  6. Reinstall the network adapter
  7. Reset your router
  8. Update the router firmware
  9. Switch to the Maximum Performance mode
  10. Clear any Wi-Fi disruptions

1. Update the network drivers (Internet needed)

  1. Right click the Start button and select Device Manager.
  2. Click on the Network adapters section, locate the Wi-Fi adapter, right-click on it and select Update driver.
  3. Now select the first option, Search automatically for drivers.
  4. If the system finds a new driver it will install it and you will be prompted for a restart.

This solution will work only if you have an Ethernet cable connection besides your Wi-Fi. If that is not available either, download the necessary drivers from another computer or device.

To make this process faster, we suggest using driver updater software, such as DriverFix to automatically update all drivers on your PC.

2. Use the Network troubleshooter

  1. Press the Windows key + I to open Settings.
  2. Head over to Updates & Security.
  3. Select Troubleshoot from the left pane and click on Additional troubleshooters.
  4. Select Internet Connections and click the Run the troubleshooter button.
  5. Follow further on-screen instructions and let the process finish.
  6. Restart your computer.

3. Reset network adapters

Note icon
Resetting the network adapter can be very effective but keep in mind that this procedure will erase saved Wi-Fi passwords and Bluetooth connections. Note down the passwords and settings before applying the below steps.

  1. Right-click on the Start button and choose Windows PowerShell (Admin).

  2. Type or paste the following lines into Windows Powershell and press Enter after each one:
    netsh winsock reset
    netsh int ip reset
    ipconfig /release
    ipconfig /renew
  3. Restart your computer and see if you’re able to connect to Wi-Fi now.

4. Perform a registry tweak with Command Prompt

  1. Type command prompt in Windows search and click on Run as administrator to start Command Prompt with full privileges.
  2. Paste the following line and press Enter: netcfg –s n
  3. This command will show a list of network protocols, drivers and services. Check if DNI_DNE is in the list, if it is, then you have a problem.
  4. If DNI_DNE is listed, in the same Command Prompt window type the following line and press Enter:
    reg delete HKCR\CLSID{988248f3-a1ad-49bf-9170-676cbbc36ba3} /f
    netcfg -v -u dni_dne

This should solve the issue, but if you receive the error 0x80004002 after entering the command, then this value needs to be deleted slightly differently.

Here’s what to do, if you receive this error code:

  1. Go to Search, type regedit and open the Registry Editor.
  2. Navigate to the following path: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT/CLSID/{988248f3-a1ad-49bf-9170-676cbbc36ba3}
  3. Delete DNI_DNE if it still exists.

5. Change the adapter settings

  1. Click on the Start button, type control panel in the search tab and click on Control Panel from the results.
    control panel search
  2. Select Network and Sharing Center.
  3. Click on Change adapter settings.
  4. Right-click the wireless adapter and select Properties.
  5. Search for the Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6) under the options that show up and uncheck IPv6 to disable it.
  6. Click on OK and restart the computer to enforce the changes you made.

6. Reinstall the network adapter

  1. Right-click the Start button and choose Device Manager from the list.
  2. Click on the Network adapters section to expand it.
  3. Right-click your network adapter and select Uninstall device.
  4. Follow further on-screen instructions.
  5. Restart your computer.
  6. Now, go on and install the network adapter driver once again, as shown in the first solution.

7. Reset your router

Note icon
After you reset your router, you must reconfigure it. Therefore, before resetting it, take notes on the present configuration.

  1. Look for the Reset button at the back of the device.
  2. Press and hold it for more than 10 seconds, until the SYS led starts flashing quickly and release the button.

Resetting your network adapter can do wonders, as cliche as it sounds. So, find the instructions that apply to your router.

We included a guide on how to reset a TP-Link router but the procedure for your router may be different so consult the manual of the device or the manufacturer.

And if it’s still not working check this step-by-step guide to fix this issue

8. Update the router firmware

  1. Use an Ethernet cable to connect the router to your PC.
  2. Visit your router’s manufactuer website.
  3. Locate your model on the list.
  4. Download the latest firmware version for your model.
  5. Open your web browser and type the IP address or the link of the router (as an example, our router’s IP address is but yours may be different).
  6. Now enter the username and password provided by the manufacturer (in the manual or on the bottom of the device) or the ones you set the last time if you’ve changed them in the meantime.
  7. Navigate to the Firmware section and find the Choose file or Browse button that will let you add the firmware you’ve downloaded.
  8. Wait for the process to finish and avoid interrupting it.

For more information, we suggest that you visit our how to update your router firmware guide.

Note icon
Router update can be a dangerous procedure if not performed correctly, so always check your instruction manual for detailed instructions.

9. Switch to the Maximum Performance mode

  1. Press Windows key + S and enter power plan. Now navigate to Choose a power plan.
  2. Once the Power Options window opens, locate your current plan and click Change plan settings.
  3. Go to Change advanced power settings.
  4. Locate Wireless Adapter Settings and set the Power Saving Mode to Maximum Performance.
  5. Click Apply and OK to save the changes.

Just keep in mind that the Maximum Performance mode will put some extra pressure on your device, so your laptop battery might last shorter.

10. Clear any Wi-Fi signal disruptions

Some appliances and hardware not related to your computer can disrupt the Wi-Fi signal. For example, it’s known that microwave weakens the signal.

So, make sure you don’t have any appliances that can disrupt the signal near your router.

What do I do if the WiFi adapter is not working on Windows 11?

Check the adapter’s power settings

  1. Press Windows key + X and select Device Manager from the list.
    device manager windows 11 realtek audio driver
  2. Locate your wireless adapter on the list and double-click it to open its properties.
  3. Navigate to Power Management tab and disable Allow the computer to turn off this device to save power option.
  4. Save changes.

In case you’re still having problems, you should visit our Wi-Fi disappeared in Windows 11 guide for more solutions.

How to avoid Wi-Fi connection problems?

Choose a less crowded channel

  1. Open your router’s configuration page.
  2. Navigate to the Wirelss section.
  3. Select your network and choose a different channel for it.

Move between 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz

If you have a dual-band router, it’s can be a good idea to switch between the two frequencies.

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You can usually find the frequency settings in the Wireless Settings menu on your router, just like in the image above.

Just like we mentioned before, they may differ on your device. Therefore, feel free to consult the manual of your device.

Remove unwanted devices

You might have forgotten that you gave the router password to some friends and especially neighbors that may still connect to your Wi-Fi network.

To get them off your network, go into your router’s settings, look for connected devices, and delete the ones you don’t recognize.

Upgrade your device (change your Wi-Fi card)

The Wi-Fi card or adapter is usually embedded in your motherboard but that doesn’t mean that you can’t use an external one.

If you conclude that the one you have is not working properly, you can go for a new Wi-Fi adapter that will fit your needs better.

In case your adapter is damaged, you should visit our Ralink WiFi adapter isn’t working guide for more information.

Get the right router for your needs

When we’re talking about your home network, make sure that the router can provide signal coverage wherever you are in the house.

If the connection keeps failing from time to time, it’s either a problem with the router itself or the signal power to your device.

You can even choose one of the best routers with an internal antenna but remember to stay with your device within range.

Keep your drivers updated

As you’ve read in our guide, drivers can cause a lot of mess when it comes to Wi-Fi adapters, and not only, so it’s ideal to keep them updated at all times.

Pick the right Wi-Fi hotspot

Although it may sound hilarious, sometimes we can connect to another network by mistake, a slower or a more crowded one.

So, make sure you connect to the fastest network available, preferably your network, as the neighbors might not be so happy that you hook to theirs for a change.

We all have, at some point, problems with the Wi-Fi hotspot but they are usually caused by signal issues or the ISP itself.

That is why, when you encounter an Internet connection problem, you first need to make sure that you have a correct link from the ISP and that your router or access point is working properly.

After that, check if other devices can connect to the Wi-Fi hotspot and if they do, then you can conclude that there might be a problem with your device.

Should I use 5GHz or 2.4GHz wireless network?

5GHz networks offer greater speed and less latency, so if you want a fast connection with low ping, this is the better option.

However, 2.4GHz offers a better range and its signal is better at penetrating through obstacles, such as walls for example. Also, keep in mind that many devices aren’t fully compatible with 5GHz networks.

As a basic rule, troubleshoot the most common possible issues and gradually move on to the more complex ones.

If you didn’t manage to solve the problem after performing all of these solutions, check our article about Internet problems in Windows 10, and you’ll find more useful tips and tricks there.

In case you have any comments, questions or suggestions, just let us know in the comments down below.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • You can tweak its settings (TCP/IPv6) or completely reinstall the adapter. For a clean install, make sure you remove all leftovers by using a specialized uninstaller tool.

  • The Wi-Fi adapter usually causes issues after a major Windows update. Alternatively, we have a complete guide on how to fix wireless adapter issues.

  • Start by running the Network troubleshooter on your Windows 10 running device. Check out the entire procedure on what to do if the wireless adapter is not working.

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