Stop Windows 10/11 from being very slow, unresponsive and make it faster in 2022

by Ivan Jenic
Ivan Jenic
Ivan Jenic
Troubleshooting Expert
Passionate about all elements related to Windows and combined with his innate curiosity, Ivan has delved deep into understanding this operating system, with a specialization in drivers and... read more
Affiliate Disclosure
  • Windows 10 can run really slow or turn unresponsive altogether after an update.
  • Too many active apps consume all available RAM, causing Windows to stall, but there is a workaround.
  • Check the System event log for any hardware or driver-related errors, and try to resolve any problems indicated.
  • There are a lot of possible fixes that anyone can try, so keep reading to find the best possible solutions.
Windows 10 11 very slow and unresponsive

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Microsoft has promised improved performance with Windows 10. Even though a lot of progress has been made, some users claim that Microsoft’s most recent OS has slowed down their system.

Adding to this, they mention that after upgrading, Windows 10 proved very slow and unresponsive not just on startup, but also when opening programs or folders.

On certain occasions, the operating system freezes altogether, sometimes after automatic updates.

What’s more, even File Explorer shows a delayed response.

So in today’s article, we’ll go through possible causes and solutions, hoping to give your OS a boost so that you get full control over your device.

How to Clean up the computer and make Windows 10 run faster?

One of the simplest ways to do this is to disable the processes you don’t need. This will make leave more resources to other apps thus making the PC faster.

This is just one method you can use, and we wrote in-depth on how to speed up Windows and make it lightning-fast in one of our previous guides.

If Windows 11 is slow and unresponsive, be sure to check our guide on how to make Windows 11 faster and fix the performance issues for good.

What can I do if Windows 10 is too slow?

1. Update your drivers and software

Sometimes your Windows 10 can become slow if your essential components or applications are out of date. A computer cannot handle video cards, computer programs, sound cards, or other hardware, they must be managed by a driver.

You can easily upgrade drivers, however, it takes a long time to find the appropriate suitable drivers to improve Windows 10’s slowness and responsiveness.

While updating applications is easy, outdated drivers can be problematic if you don’t know what to download.

Installing the wrong driver version will cause permanent damage to your system, so we strongly recommend DriverFix to get just the necessary drivers for your device.

With just one click, the tool scans your PC, finds the problematic software, and recommends several replacements from a huge database it uses.

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2. Disable heavy performance processes

  1. Open Task Manager by pressing Ctrl + Shift + Esc on your keyboard.
  2. Go to the Startup tab. Sort the processes by their Startup impact rating.
    Windows 10 running slow and freezing
  3. Disable processes in the High category, but don’t disable crucial programs such as your antivirus.

3. Enable a faster startup option

  1. Press Windows Key + S and enter power settings. Select Power & sleep settings.
    Windows 10 very slow startup
  2. Click Additional power settings.
    Windows 10 very slow and unresponsive
  3. Click on Choose what the power button does from the menu on left.
    Slow windows 10 after update
  4. Now select Change settings that are currently unavailable.
    Windows 10 running slow and freezing
  5. Make sure to check Turn on fast startup (recommended).
  6. Save your changes and you’re good to go.

This feature is called Hybrid Startup and Shutdown and it puts your PC into a hibernation state. It improves the startup and shutdown process.

4. Check for slow services

  1. Press Windows key + R and type services.msc and press Enter.
  2. In the list of all services that start along with your Windows 10, look for any services that take too long to launch.
  3. Right-click each service and change the settings from Default to Delayed Start.
    Slow Windows 10 File Explorer
  4. Save your changes and restart.

5. Disable blur effects and transparency

  1. Open the Settings app.
  2. Then click on Personalization.
    Slow Windows 10 File Explorer
  3. Next click on Colors. Set Transparency effects to Off.
    Windows 10 very slow startup

6. Use a cleaning tool

Excessive unnecessary data can cause hard drive fragmentation, affecting overall system performance. Cleaner applications come in handy here.

You can simply erase useless data from your PC with a few clicks, and CCleaner performs great work cleaning it.

CCleaner is a PC cleaning and maintenance utility. Its major function is to locate and eliminate undesirable files from your computer, allowing your system to run quicker and more efficiently.

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It also frees up extra space on your system’s hard disk by deleting unwanted files.

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7. Perform a clean Windows 10 install

Sometimes there are software issues when you upgrade from Windows 8 or Windows 7 to Windows 10, or even when installing the latest Windows 10 updates.

So it’s advised that you perform a clean install of Windows 10. Just be sure that you backup your important files before doing this.

8. Stop Windows Module Installer service

  1. Press Windows Key + R and enter services.msc. Now press Enter or click OK.
    Windows 10 very slow and unresponsive
  2. Locate Windows Module Installer on the list and double click it to open its properties.
    Slow windows 10 after update
  3. Check the Service status, if it’s set to Running click the Stop button to stop the service.
  4. In addition, you can also change the Startup Type to Disabled if you want to permanently disable this service.
  5. Now click on Apply and OK to save changes.

After disabling this service, check if the problem is resolved.

Note: By disabling this service you might not be able to receive Windows updates, so be sure to enable it back, to avoid any other problems.

9. Disconnect all peripherals

Sometimes your hardware can cause Windows 10 to become slow. To fix that problem, you need to disconnect all peripherals from your PC.

This includes all USB devices, such as printers, hard drives, cameras, etc.

For instance, several users reported that the issue was caused by USB speakers. After disconnecting the device, the issue was completely resolved.

10. Defragment your drive

  1. Press Windows Key + S and enter defrag. Now choose Defragment and Optimize Drives.
    Windows 10 slow opening programs
  2. When Optimize Drives window opens, select the desired drive and click on Analyze.
    Windows 10 slow opening programs
  3. After scanning the drives, select the fragmented drive and click on Optimize.
  4. Wait while Windows defragments your drive.
  5. Repeat this process for all your drives.

Once the defragmentation process is finished, check if the problem is resolved.

It’s worth mentioning that there are many other great third-party defragmentation tools that offer various advanced features.

11. Adjust the size of the virtual memory

  1. Press Windows Key + S and enter advanced. Select View advanced system settings.
    Windows 10 very slow startup
  2. Click the Settings button in the Performance section.
    Windows 10 very slow and unresponsive
  3. Go to the Advanced tab and click on Change button.
    Slow windows 10 after update
  4. In the Virtual Memory window, uncheck Automatically manage paging file size for all drives.
  5. Then, select the Custom size, and enter Initial Size and Maximum size. Now click on the Set button and OK to save changes.
    Windows 10 running slow and freezing

After doing that, you’ll set the size of virtual memory for that drive. You might have to set the manual size for all your drives.

As for the size, the size of your virtual memory is related to the size of your RAM.

As a general rule, the Initial size should be at least 1.5 times larger than the amount of RAM memory on your PC. As for Maximum size, it should be up to 4 times larger than the amount of RAM on your PC.

12. Check for viruses

Just like any other software, Windows 10 is vulnerable to viruses, so make sure that your system is clean. You can use any free antivirus software and do a full system scan just to be sure.

We believe that after trying out these solutions, any slowdown problem should be completely resolved.

We’ve got a similar troubleshooting article, dedicated to slow desktops that you might want to check out.

Tip icon
If you’re looking for solutions to other OS issues, you’ll find the answers in the Windows 10 Troubleshooting page. For even more advice on improving your device performance, find excellent recommendations in the Tools section.

On the other hand, if you have any other suggestions on this topic, feel free to reach us using the comments sections.

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