How to fix the NTFS File System error in Windows 11

Matthew Adams
by Matthew Adams
Windows & Software Expert
Matthew is a freelancer who has produced a variety of articles on various topics related to technology. His main focus is the Windows OS and all the things surrounding it. He is passionate about... Read more
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  • The NTFS File System error in Windows 11 can arise because of outdated hard drive drivers or bad disk sectors.
  • Running file and disk scans via the Command Prompt might solve this BSOD error.
  • Rebuilding boot manager is another potential NTFS File System error fix.
  • Do not hesitate to update faulty or outdated device drivers to resolve this issue for good.
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The NTFS File System error is a Windows 11 BSOD (Black Screen of Death) issue that some users have reported. That error displays a message with the NTFS_File_System stop code. That message states:

Your PC ran into a problem and needs to restart. We’ll restart for you… If you call a support person, give them this information: NTFS_File_System.

This BSOD error arises during system startup, which is bad news. Windows 11 doesn’t start up when the issue occurs. Things were no different for NTFS_File_System errors on Windows 10.

Therefore, users need to enter Windows Recovery Environment and Safe Mode to fix the NTFS_File_System error with the potential resolutions discussed below.

What are the causes for the NTFS_File_System BSOD error?

The NTFS_File_System code indicates this is a hard drive issue. It can arise because of outdated or faulty hard drive drivers or bad disk sectors. Or your PC’s HDD could have a corrupted NTFS file system partition.

Corrupted system files, malware, and other device driver issues are also possible factors behind the NTFS_File_System error. For more details, do not hesitate to check out what can cause a Blue Screen of Death.

Windows 11 is well equipped with system tools that can effectively remedy such causes. This is how you can fix the NTFS File System in Microsoft’s new desktop platform.

How can I fix the NTFS File System error IN wINDOWS 11?

1. Scan system files

  1. Open the search box (it has a Windows key + S hotkey).
  2. Enter cmd within the search box, which will find Command Prompt.
  3. Click Command Prompt’s Run as administrator option in the search utility.
    Run as administrator option ntfs file system error windows 11
  4. Type in this command and hit Enter: DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-image /Restorehealth
  5. When the Deployment Image Servicing scan is complete, input this command and press Return: sfc /scannow
    sfc /scannow command ntfs file system error windows 11
  6. Wait for the System File Checker scanning to finish.

2. Run a disk scan

  1. Open the Command Prompt as specified within the first three steps of the previous resolution.
  2. Then type in this Check Disk command and press Return: chkdsk /f c:
    The chkdsk command ntfs file system error windows 11
  3. Press the Y and Enter keyboard keys.
  4. Open the Start menu, and click the Power button there. Select Restart to initiate the scan.

3. Run an antivirus scan

  1. Double-click the Windows Security icon in the system tray to bring up that app.
    The Windows Security icon ntfs file system error windows 11
  2. Next, select the Virus and threat protection tab on the left.
  3. Click Scan options to bring up those settings.
    Scan options ntfs file system error windows 11
  4. Then select the Full Scan radio button.
  5. Press the Scan now button to start.

4. Run Startup Repair

  1. To quickly open Settings, press the Windows key and I hotkey.
  2. Select the Recovery navigation option on SettingsSystem tab.
  3. Click Restart now for the Advanced startup option.
    The Restart now button ntfs file system error windows 11
  4. Select Troubleshoot and Advanced options to bring up the menu that you cam see below:
    Start-up Repair option ntfs file system error windows 11
  5. Choose the Startup Repair option there to run that tool.

5. Rebuild the boot manager

  1. Right-click Start to select a Run shortcut.
    The Run shortcut ntfs file system error windows 11
  2. Enter this command in Run’s Open box: cmd
  3. Press the Ctrl + Shift + Enter key combination.
  4. Then type in these four separate commands, pressing Enter after each one:

bootrec.exe /fixmbr
bootrec.exe /fixboot
bootrec.exe /rebuildbcd
bootrec /scanos

6. Reset Windows 11

  1. Open your Start menu, and select the pinned Settings app.
  2. Click Recovery to view more options.
  3. Press the Reset PC button within the recovery options.
    The Reset PC option ntfs file system error windows 11
  4. Select Keep my files in the Reset this PC window.
    Keep my files option ntfs file system error windows 11
  5. Then choose the Cloud download or Local reinstall option.
  6. Click the Next and Finish buttons.

How do I enter Windows Recovery Environment and Safe Mode?

To fix this BSOD error as outlined above, you might need to enter Safe Mode from Windows Recovery Environment. You can enter WindowsRE by restarting your PC three consecutive times. To restart, press the Power button for five to 10 seconds on a logo during system startup.

The Windows Recovery Environment includes numerous troubleshooting tools. You can apply the Command Prompt, Windows 11 reset, and Startup Repair resolutions from there. To apply them within Safe Mode, however, follow the steps below:

  1. First, select Troubleshoot on the Choose an option menu.
    Troubleshoot option ntfs file system error windows 11
  2. Choose Advanced options to bring up that menu.
  3. Then select Start-up Settings on that menu.
    Start-up Settings option ntfs file system error windows 11
  4. Click the Restart option.

When Windows 11 restarts, you’ll see a Startup Settings menu. Press the F5 key to select the Enable Safe Mode with Networking option there.

Thereafter, you can apply all the resolutions above as instructed within Safe Mode. Those resolutions are among the best methods for fixing Windows 11’s NTFS File System error.

However, we can’t guarantee that they’ll resolve this black (blue in Windows 10) screen error for everybody. If those potential resolutions aren’t enough, your PC might need a new hard drive. In which case, consider returning your PC to its manufacturer’s repair service or reputable alternatives.

Microsoft’s blue screen error troubleshooter might also come in handy for fixing the NTFS File System error. That’s a troubleshooting page you can open in your browser. Go through that troubleshooter’s BSOD suggestions to apply more potential fixes.

Also, check out this guide on how to fix File System error 1073545193 on Windows 10. The solutions detailed in our article may be applied by Windows 11 users too.

To discuss the NTFS File System error, feel free to add some comments below. If you’ve found a different way to fix this BSOD issue, which isn’t specified above, you’re more than welcome to share it.

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