6 Ways to Fix NTFS File System Error in Windows 11

Find out how experts fix the error in no time

by Matthew Adams
Matthew Adams
Matthew Adams
Windows & Software Expert
Matthew is a freelancer who has produced a variety of articles on various topics related to technology. His main focus is the Windows OS and all the things... read more
Reviewed by Vlad Turiceanu
Vlad Turiceanu
Vlad Turiceanu
Editor-in-Chief
Passionate about technology, Windows, and everything that has a power button, he spent most of his time developing new skills and learning more about the tech world. Coming... read more
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  • The NTFS File System error in Windows 11 can arise because of outdated hard drive drivers or bad disk sectors.
  • Running file and disk scans via the Command Prompt might solve this BSOD error.
  • Rebuilding the boot manager is another potential NTFS File System error fix.
  • Do not hesitate to update faulty or outdated device drivers to resolve this issue for good.
Fix NTFS file system error

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The NTFS File System error is a Windows 11 BSOD (Black Screen of Death) issue that some users have reported. That error displays a message with the NTFS_File_System stop code. That message states:

Your PC ran into a problem and needs to restart. We’ll restart for you… If you call a support person, give them this information: NTFS_File_System.

This BSOD error arises during system startup, which is bad news. Windows 11 doesn’t start up when the issue occurs. Things were no different for NTFS_File_System errors on Windows 10.

Therefore, users need to enter Windows Recovery Environment or boot Windows into Safe Mode to fix the NTFS_File_System error with the potential resolutions discussed below.

What causes NTFS file system error?

The NTFS_File_System code indicates this is a hard drive issue. It can arise from outdated or faulty hard drive drivers or bad disk sectors. Or your PC’s HDD could have a corrupted NTFS file system partition.

Corrupted system files, malware, and other device driver issues are also possible factors behind the NTFS_File_System error. Do not hesitate to check out what can cause a Blue Screen of Death for more details.

What does NTFS mean on a drive?

NTFS, which stands for New Technology File System, is the latest file system introduced and is used for storing files on drives, both HDD and SSD.

A file system is a set of rules that dictate how a file will be saved, stored, updated, and retrieved from the drive.

NFTS is relatively better when compared to FAT32 or the other file systems introduced by Windows and has far lesser limitations.

How can I fix the NTFS File System error in Windows 11?

1. Scan system files

  1. Press Windows + S to open the Search menu, enter cmd in the text field, and click on Run as administrator.Run as administrator option ntfs file system error windows 11
  2. Type in this command and hit Enter: DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-image /Restorehealth
  3. When the Deployment Image Servicing scan is complete, input this command and press Enter: sfc /scannow
    sfc /scannow command ntfs file system error windows 11
  4. Wait for the System File Checker scanning to finish.

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2. Run a disk scan

  1. Press Windows + R to open Run, type cmd, and hit Ctrl + Shift + Enter.cmd
  2. Then type this Check Disk command and press Enter: chkdsk /f c:
    The chkdsk command ntfs file system error windows 11
  3. Press Y and then hit Enter.
  4. Open the Start menu, click the Power button, and select Restart to initiate the scan.

After the computer turns on, verify if the NTFS file system error on HP devices running Windows 11 is fixed.

3. Run an antivirus scan

  1. Double-click the Windows Security icon in the system tray to bring up that app.
    The Windows Security icon ntfs file system error windows 11
  2. Next, select the Virus and threat protection tab on the left.
  3. Click the Scan options to bring up those settings.
    Scan options ntfs file system error windows 11
  4. Then select the Full Scan radio button.
  5. Press the Scan now button to start.

After the scan is complete, restart the computer and verify if the NTFS file system blue screen on Startup is fixed.

4. Run Startup Repair

  1. Press Windows + I to open Settings, and click on Recovery on the right in the System tab.
  2. Click Restart now for the Advanced startup option.
    The Restart now button ntfs file system error windows 11
  3. Select Troubleshoot and Advanced options to bring up the menu that you can see below:
    Start-up Repair option ntfs file system error windows 11
  4. Choose the Startup Repair option there to run that tool.

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After running the Startup Repair, check if the NTFS file system error blue screen in Windows 11 is fixed. If not, head to the next solution.

5. Rebuild the boot manager

  1. Right-click Start to select a Run shortcut.
    The Run shortcut ntfs file system error windows 11
  2. Enter this command in Run’s Open box: cmd
  3. Press the Ctrl + Shift + Enter key combination.
  4. Then type in these four separate commands, pressing Enter after each one:bootrec.exe /fixmbr bootrec.exe /fixboot bootrec.exe /rebuildbcd bootrec /scanos

6. Reset Windows 11

  1. Open your Start menu, and select the pinned Settings app.
  2. Click Recovery to view more options.
  3. Press the Reset PC button within the recovery options.
    The Reset PC option ntfs file system error windows 11
  4. Select Keep my files in the Reset this PC window.
    Keep my files option ntfs file system error windows 11
  5. Then choose the Cloud download or Local reinstall option.
  6. Click the Next and Finish buttons.

Once the reset process is complete, you will have the NTFS.sys failed in Windows 11 error fixed for good. If nothing else worked, try this since many were unable to resolve the blue screen of the NTFS file system after resetting.

How do I enter Windows Recovery Environment and Safe Mode?

To fix this BSOD error outlined above, you might need to enter Safe Mode from Windows Recovery Environment. You can enter WindowsRE by restarting your PC three consecutive times. Then, press the Power button on a logo for five to 10 seconds during system startup.

The Windows Recovery Environment includes numerous troubleshooting tools. For example, you can apply the Command Prompt, Windows 11 reset, and Startup Repair resolutions. To apply them within Safe Mode, however, follow the steps below:

  1. First, select Troubleshoot on the Choose an option menu.
    Troubleshoot option ntfs file system error windows 11
  2. Choose Advanced options to bring up that menu.
  3. Then select Startup Settings on that menu.
    Start-up Settings option ntfs file system error windows 11
  4. Click the Restart option.

When Windows 11 restarts, you’ll see a Startup Settings menu. Press the F5 key to select the Enable Safe Mode with Networking option.

After that, you can apply all the resolutions above as instructed within Safe Mode. Those resolutions are among the best methods for fixing Windows 11’s NTFS File System error.

However, we can’t guarantee they’ll resolve this black (blue in Windows 10) screen error for everybody. If those potential resolutions aren’t enough, your PC might need a new hard drive. In this case, consider returning your PC to its manufacturer’s repair service or reputable alternatives.

Microsoft’s blue screen error troubleshooter might also come in handy for fixing the NTFS File System error. That’s a troubleshooting page you can open in your browser. Go through that troubleshooter’s BSOD suggestions to apply more potential fixes.

Do I need NTFS?

Yes, in most cases, you do! Even otherwise, NFTS is one of the most advanced file systems and allows modifying permission to dictate which files are accessible and the ones that are not to other users.

Also, it automatically repairs files in case of power failure or other issues. Besides, you can compress files with it, thus saving storage space and boosting the computer’s performance. And NTFS is compatible with most iterations of the OS, while the other ones are not.

Before you go, please find out how to fix File System error 1073545193 on Windows 10 since many reported encountering it. The solutions detailed in our article may also be applied by Windows 11 users.

To discuss the NTFS File System error, feel free to add some comments below. Also, if you’ve found a different way to fix this BSOD issue, which isn’t specified above, you’re more than welcome to share it.

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